Advances in Urology / 2018 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Urinary Bladder Cancer in Egypt: Are There Gender Differences in Its Histopathological Presentation?

Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics of bladder cancer cases (squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and urothelial cell carcinoma (UC)) in Egyptian men and women.

VariableMalesFemales value
SCC UC SCC UC

Age ± SD (years)57.2 ± 10.361.2 ± 10.353.4 ± 10.859.2 ± 11.1SCC < 0.0001; UC 0.01
Age group (years)
 ≤4564 (11.1)89 (7.4)49 (23.4)24 (11.9)
 >45–≤55182 (31.7)259 (21.6)83 (39.5)46 (22.9)SCC < 0.0001
 >55–≤65206 (35.9)421 (35.0)53 (25.2)73 (36.3)UC 0.06
 >65122 (21.3)432 (36.0)25 (11.9)58 (28.9)
Marital status
 Not married11 (1.9)11 (0.9)7 (3.3)1 (0.5)SCC 0.2
 Married563 (98.1)1190 (99.1)203 (96.7)200 (99.5)UC 0.5
Education
 None458 (79.8)804 (67.0)193 (91.9)177 (88.1)SCC < 0.0001
 Some116 (20.2)395 (33.0)17 (8.1)24 (11.9)UC < 0.0001
Residence
 North36 (6.3)176 (14.7)27 (12.9)28 (13.9)SCC 0.002
 South538 (93.7)1025 (85.3)183 (87.1)173 (86.1)UC 0.6
 Urban52 (9.1)217 (18.1)21 (10.0)35 (17.4)SCC 0.6
 Rural522 (90.9)984 (81.9)189 (90)166 (82.6)UC 0.8
Smoking
 None99 (17.3)144 (12.0)203 (96.6)196 (97.5)
 Waterpipe80 (13.9)121 (10.1)4 (2.0)2 (1.0)SCC < 0.0001
 Cigarette322 (56.1)761 (63.3)3 (1.4)3 (1.5)UC < 0.0001
 Both73 (12.7)175 (14.6)00
Schistosomiasis
 No211 (36.8)469 (39.0)148 (70.5)145 (72.1)SCC < 0.0001
 Yes320 (55.7)670 (55.8)44 (20.9)41 (20.4)UC < 0.0001
 Unknown43 (7.5)62 (5.2)18 (8.6)15 (7.5)
Secondhand smoke
 No46 (8.0)92 (7.7)5 (3.5)3 (2.5)SCC 0.06
 Yes527 (92.0)1106 (92.3)139 (96.5)119 (97.5)UC 0.03

Comparison of value between males and females was done using Student’s t-test and χ2 for continuous and categorical variables, respectively. For some variables, the sum does not add up to the total because of missing information.