Advances in Urology / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Urinary Bladder Cancer in Egypt: Are There Gender Differences in Its Histopathological Presentation?

Table 2

Histopathological characteristics of bladder cancer cases (squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and urothelial cell carcinoma (UC)) in Egyptian men and women.

VariableMalesFemales value1
SCC UC SCC UC

Referred slide28 (4.9)66 (5.5)9 (4.3)14 (7.0)
Biopsy292 (51.1)786 (65.9)83 (40.4)140 (69.6)UC 0.4
Cystectomy251 (44.0)340 (28.5)114 (54.8)47 (23.4)SCC 0.01
 Radical223 (95.3)268 (94.0)49 (51.1)21 (52.5)
 Simple7 (3.0)7 (2.5)1 (1.0)0
 Partial4 (1.7)9 (3.2)7 (7.3)0SCC < 0.0001
 Pelvic excision20039 (40.6)19 (47.5)UC < 0.0001
Grade
 184 (15.0)55 (4.8)31 (15.2)7 (3.7)SCC 0.07
 2353 (62.9)527 (46.2)143 (70.1)89 (47.1)UC 0.8
 3124 (22.1)558 (49.0)30 (14.7)93 (49.2)
Stage
 0038 (6.7)1 (0.8)6 (7.6)
 I41 (12.8)195 (34.3)15 (11.6)28 (35.4)
 IIa22 (6.9)19 (3.3)8 (6.2)4 (5.0)SCC 0.6
  b82 (25.7)72 (12.6)29 (22.5)10 (12.7)UC 0.6
 IIIa33 (10.3)54 (9.5)12 (9.3)4 (5.0)
  b115 (36.0)144 (25.3)54 (41.8)22 (27.8)
 IVa26 (8.1)44 (7.7)10 (7.7)5 (6.3)
  b03 (0.5)00
Presence of SH3 ova
 No129 (26.8)355 (40.7)73 (46.5)72 (58.1)SCC < 0.0001
 Yes353 (73.2)518 (59.3)84 (53.5)52 (41.9)UC < 0.0001
Cystitis
 No11 (6.7)9 (2.8)3 (4.7)0SCC 0.5
 Yes152 (93.3)315 (97.2)61 (95.3)55 (100)UC 0.2
Ulceration
 No14 (11.2)8 (3.3)7 (15.6)2 (2.7)SCC 0.4
 Yes111 (88.8)232 (96.7)38 (84.4)36 (97.3)UC 0.8

1Comparison of value between males and females was done using χ2; 2pelvic lymphadenectomy; 3Schistosoma haematobium.