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Advances in Urology
Volume 2018, Article ID 8727301, 4 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/8727301
Research Article

Alexis Wound Retractor for Radical Cystectomy: A Safe and Effective Method for Retraction

1Columbia University Division of Urology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami Beach 33140, FL, USA
2Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Florida International University, Miami 33199, FL, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Alan M. Nieder; moc.cmsm@redeina

Received 14 July 2018; Revised 4 November 2018; Accepted 13 November 2018; Published 9 December 2018

Academic Editor: Fabio Campodonico

Copyright © 2018 Ajaydeep S. Sidhu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Surgical site infection rates remain a common postoperative problem that continues to affect patients undergoing urologic surgery. Our study seeks to evaluate the difference in surgical site infection rates in patients undergoing open radical cystectomy when comparing the Bookwalter vs. the Alexis wound retractors. After institutional review board approval, we performed a retrospective chart review from February 2010 through August 2017 of patients undergoing open radical cystectomy with urinary diversion for bladder cancer. We then stratified the groups according to whether or not the surgery was performed with the Alexis or standard Bookwalter retractor. Baseline characteristics and operative outcomes were then compared between the two groups, with the main measure being incidence of surgical site infection as defined by the CDC. We evaluated those presenting with surgical site infections within or greater than 30 postoperatively. Of 237 patients who underwent radical cystectomy with either the Alexis or Bookwalter retractor, 168 patients were eligible to be included in our analysis. There was no statistical difference noted regarding surgical site infections (SSIs) between the two groups; however, the trend was in favor of the Alexis (3%) vs. the Bookwalter (11%) at less than 30 days surgery. The Alexis wound retractor likely poses an advantage in reducing the incidence in surgical site infections in patients undergoing radical cystectomy; however, multicenter studies with larger sample sizes are suggested for further elucidation.