Advances in Urology / 2021 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Risk Factors of Ureteral Stenosis in Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Retrospective Study in National Referral Hospital in Indonesia

Table 2

Comparison of demographic data, intraoperative parameters, and postoperative parameters between the ureteral stenosis group and nonureteral stenosis group.

Ureteral stenosis (n = 32 patients)Without ureteral stenosis (n = 455 patients) value

Donor age (years)40.5 (24–50)30 (18–50)<0.001

Donor sex
 Male, n (%)18 (56.3%)321 (70.5%)0.13
 Female, n (%)14 (43.7%)134 (29.5%)
Donor-recipient relationship0.68
 Not related, n (%)6 (18. 8%)99 (21.8%)
 Related, n (%)26 (81. 2%)356 (78.2%)
Donor site of transplant0.83
 Right, n (%)2 (6.3%)33 (7.3%)
 Left, n (%)30 (93.7%)422 (92.7%)
Donor history of abdominal surgery2 (6.3%)27 (5.9%)0.94
Donor number of veins0.40
 >1, n (%)1 (3.1%)6 (1.3%)
 ≤1, n (%)31 (96.9%)449 (98.7%)
Donor number of arteries<0.001
 >2, n (%)4 (12.5%)4 (0.9%)
 ≤2, n (%)28 (87.5%)451 (99.1%)
Warm ischemic time (min)2422 (1892–4473)2295 (293–5523)0.038
Cold ischemic time (min)1737 (1658–1817)1892 (836–6480)0.42
Time to urinate (sec)328 (151–506)125 (32–982)0.93
Donor body mass index (kg/m2)19.9 (19–20.8)23 (17.1–33.5)0.62
Recipient preoperative creatinine (mg/dL)6.1 (1–14.4)5.35 (5.3–5.4)0.65
Recipient postoperative creatinine (mg/dL)1.25 (1.1–1.4)1.1 (0.3–19)0.94
Recipient length of prior dialysis (month)52.5 (21–84)10 (1–216)0.75
Recipient resistive index0.67 (0.61–0.73)0.72 (0.06–0.91)0.98
Recipient age (years)44 (19–77)48 (8–78)<0.001
Recipient sex0.85
 Male, n (%)23 (71.9%)334 (73.4%)
 Female, n (%)9 (28.1%)121 (26.6%)
Recipient history of type II DM0.55
 Yes, n (%)8 (25%)136 (29.9%)
 No, n (%)24 (75%)319 (70.1%)
Recipient history of HT0.08
 Yes, n (%)24 (75%)272 (59.8%)
 No, n (%)8 (25%)183 (40.2%)
Recipient history of transplantation0.47
 Yes, n (%)2 (6.3%)17 (3.7%)
 No, n (%)30 (93.7%)438 (96.3%)

Significant difference.