Table 3: Preassessment to postassessment results for the QST massage.

Treatment group ()Control group ()
Preassessment mean (SD)Postassessment mean (SD)Diff.% normPreassessment mean (SD)Postassessment mean (SD)Diff.% norm

Parent measures
  Parenting stress24.3 (9.51)15.8 (8.9)−8.544%−6.49.000000122.5 (9.33)21.0 (9.6)−1.59%−1.39.171
 ABC82.4 (25.9)61.5 (26.6)−20.932%−5.64.00000183.1 (25.9)75.7 (28.6)−7.4−2.48.018
 Abnormal sensory response39.7 (9.1)30.4 (9.8)−9.338%−6.68.0000000541.3 (10.3)38.6 (11.6)−2.711%−3.00.005
  Tactile/oral abnormalities29.6 (6.8)22.4 (8.0)−7.249%−6.14.000000329.6 (7.7)27.7 (8.6)−1.911%−2.59.013
 Self-regulatory difficulties57.6 (11.2)45.1 (11.5)−12.534%−7.64.00000000157.4 (13.4)54.0 (14.5)−3.49%−2.35.024
Blinded assessor measures
 Vineland daily living skills34.3 (17.7)42.7 (19.1)8.45.21.0000137.5 (20.0)45.9 (22.7)8.45.50.000002
 Vineland socialization36.0 (14.4)45.7 (16.3)9.75.54.00000340.7 (17.4)48.6 (21.0)7.95.82.000002
 CARS39.7 (6.6)38.2 (6.6)−1.5−2.61.01338.0 (7.8)37.7 (7.8)−0.3−1.13.266
 PLS-5 auditory communication25.9 (12.1)30.6 (12.1)4.76.07.000000429.2 (13.5)31.8 (14.3)2.65.16.00001
 PLS-5 expressive communication26.5 (11.1)30.0 (11.1)3.56.22.000000228.2 (11.6)31.3 (13.1)3.15.54.000002

Note: SD = standard deviation; Diff. = the change from pre- to postscore; % norm = the percentage reduction in parenting stress, autistic behavior, abnormal sensory responses, and self-regulatory difficulties toward typically developing children.