Table of Contents
Advances in Vascular Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 432820, 6 pages
Review Article

IVC Filters: Challenges and Future Directions

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA

Received 8 May 2014; Accepted 14 September 2014; Published 23 November 2014

Academic Editor: Arnon Blum

Copyright © 2014 Misaki M. Kiguchi and Ellen D. Dillavou. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Since their introduction in 1973, inferior vena cava filters have evolved concurrent with advancing technology, and, therefore, their use has expanded due to broader indications for insertion. This paper focuses on the challenges and future directions of this trend, including a closer look at complications, retrieval rates, and cost-effectiveness.