Advances in Zoology / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Efficacy of Germinated Cereals as Bait Carrier for Zinc Phosphide and Bromadiolone against Field and Commensal Rodent Pests: A Laboratory Evaluation

Table 1

Mortality of four rodent species after feeding on zinc phosphide (1.5%–2%) baits of germinated cereals in no-choice tests.

SpeciesConc.
(% a.i. in bait)
Bait
(germinated form)
Body weight (g)
mean ± SDa
Poison consumption
(g/100 g body wt.)
mean ± SDa
Mortality Hours to death
mean ± SDa

2%Paddy104.5 ± 14.2
(88–135)
4.54 ± 0.44
(2.56–5.31)
10/1011.8 ± 3.9
(6–18)
B. bengalensis 2%Pearl millet150.9 ± 28.6
(114–196)
1.84 ± 0.40
(1.12–2.79)
10/104.0 ± 0.5
(3.5–5)
2%Finger millet115.6 ± 37.3
(73–165)
1.94 ± 0.63
(1.21–2.8)
10/103.2 ± 0.6
(2.5–4.5)

1.5%Paddy39.7 ± 8.6
(33–60)
5.47 ± 2.48
(3.74–12.0)
10/109.1 ± 4.0
(4–17)
M. meltada 1.5%Pearl millet44.5 ± 7.3
(35–55)
1.6 ± 0.5
(0.4–2.5)
10/106.4 ± 1.9
(5–11)
1.5%Finger millet43.9 ± 5.9
(35–52)
1.4 ± 0.6
(0.6–2.2)
10/106.8 ± 2.3
(4–12)

1.5%Paddy7.3 ± 0.6
(6.7–8.5)
14.31 ± 3.77
(9.28–24.1)
9/107.6 ± 3.7
(0–14)
M. booduga 1.5%Pearl millet7.1 ± 0.4
(6.7–7.8)
1.9 ± 0.7
(0.5–2.7)
10/105.20 ± 1.2
(3.5–7)
1.5%Finger millet8.5 ± 0.4
(7.8–9)
5.08 ± 4.47
(1.66–14.37)
10/104.6 ± 1.0
(3.5–6)

2%Paddy94.2 ± 16.1
(58–112)
6.16 ± 2.20
(4.25–9.79)
10/107.6 ± 3.1
(4–12)
R. rattus 2%Pearl millet89.9 ± 16.6
(65–114)
3 ± 1.0
(1.9–5.5)
10/105.1 ± 1.2
(4–8)
2%Finger millet98 ± 11.9
(75–112)
1.9 ± 0.8
(0.30–3.9)
9/107 ± 2.8
(6–11)

aMean and standard deviation values were obtained from observation of ten animals in each test (numbers in brackets are the range values).

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