A Comparison of Epithelial Cells, Fibroblasts, and Osteoblasts in Dental Implant Titanium Topographies
The different topographies of cp Ti surfaces and their respective levels of roughness after blasting/etching for various times (sec). (a) Control and (b) 10/30, (c) 30/30, (d) 60/30 test groups. Ra: average roughness (mean, SD), units: micrometers. Arrowhead: surface-trapped alumina.