Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2006, Article ID 13569, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/JBB/2006/13569
Mini-Review Article

Links Between Repeated Sequences

Division of Microbiology, National Institute of Health Sciences, Kamiyoga 1-18-1, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 158-8501, Japan

Received 23 May 2005; Revised 28 September 2005; Accepted 2 October 2005

Copyright © 2006 Sachiko Matsutani. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. E S Lander, L M Linton, B Birren et al., “Initial sequencing and analysis of the human genome,” Nature, vol. 409, no. 6822, pp. 860–921, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  2. J N Athanikar, R M Badge, and J V Moran, “A YY1-binding site is required for accurate human LINE-1 transcription initiation,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 32, no. 13, pp. 3846–3855, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  3. J V Moran, S E Holmes, T P Naas, R J DeBerardinis, J D Boeke, and H H Jr Kazazian, “High frequency retrotransposition in cultured mammalian cells,” Cell, vol. 87, no. 5, pp. 917–927, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  4. G D Swergold, “Identification, characterization, and cell specificity of a human LINE-1 promoter,” Molecular and Cellular Biology, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 6718–6729, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  5. H Hohjoh and M F Singer, “Cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein complexes containing human LINE-1 protein and RNA,” The EMBO Journal, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 630–639, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  6. S L Martin, M Cruceanu, D Branciforte et al., “LINE-1 retrotransposition requires the nucleic acid chaperone activity of the ORF1 protein,” Journal of Molecular Biology, vol. 348, no. 3, pp. 549–561, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  7. G J Cost, Q Feng, A Jacquier, and J D Boeke, “Human L1 element target-primed reverse transcription in vitro,” The EMBO Journal, vol. 21, no. 21, pp. 5899–5910, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  8. Q Feng, J V Moran, H H Jr Kazazian, and J D Boeke, “Human L1 retrotransposon encodes a conserved endonuclease required for retrotransposition,” Cell, vol. 87, no. 5, pp. 905–916, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  9. S L Mathias, A F Scott, H H Jr Kazazian, J D Boeke, and A Gabriel, “Reverse transcriptase encoded by a human transposable element,” Science, vol. 254, no. 5039, pp. 1808–1810, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  10. S A Fuhrman, P L Deininger, P LaPorte, T Friedmann, and E P Geiduschek, “Analysis of transcription of the human \textit{Alu} family ubiquitous repeating element by eukaryotic RNA polymerase III,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 9, no. 23, pp. 6439–6456, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  11. J Jurka, “Sequence patterns indicate an enzymatic involvement in integration of mammalian retroposons,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 94, no. 5, pp. 1872–1877, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  12. F Martin, M Olivares, M C Lopez, and C Alonso, “Do non-long terminal repeat retrotransposons have nuclease activity?,” Trends in Biochemical Sciences, vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 283–285, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  13. M Dewannieux, C Esnault, and T Heidmann, “LINE-mediated retrotransposition of marked \textit{Alu} sequences,” Nature Genetics, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 41–48, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  14. C Esnault, J Maestre, and T Heidmann, “Human LINE retrotransposons generate processed pseudogenes,” Nature Genetics, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 363–367, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  15. W Wei, N Gilbert, S L Ooi et al., “Human L1 retrotransposition: \textit{cis} preference versus \textit{trans} complementation,” Molecular and Cellular Biology, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 1429–1439, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  16. N Gilbert, S Lutz, T A Morrish, and J V Moran, “Multiple fates of L1 retrotransposition intermediates in cultured human cells,” Molecular and Cellular Biology, vol. 25, no. 17, pp. 7780–7795, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  17. H H Jr Kazazian and J L Goodier, “LINE drive. retrotransposition and genome instability,” Cell, vol. 110, no. 3, pp. 277–280, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  18. R Sorek, G Ast, and D Graur, “\textit{Alu}-containing exons are alternatively spliced,” Genome Research, vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 1060–1067, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  19. M A Batzer and P L Deininger, “\textit{Alu} repeats and human genomic diversity,” Nature Reviews Genetics, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 370–379, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  20. J S Han, S T Szak, and J D Boeke, “Transcriptional disruption by the L1 retrotransposon and implications for mammalian transcriptomes,” Nature, vol. 429, no. 6989, pp. 268–274, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  21. A M Weiner, “An abundant cytoplasmic 7S RNA is complementary to the dominant interspersed middle repetitive DNA sequence family in the human genome,” Cell, vol. 22, no. 1 pt 1, pp. 209–218, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  22. K Ohshima and N Okada, “SINEs and LINEs: symbionts of eukaryotic genomes with a common tail,” Cytogenetic and Genome Research, vol. 110, no. 1–4, pp. 475–490, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  23. M Kajikawa and N Okada, “LINEs mobilize SINEs in the eel through a shared 3 sequence,” Cell, vol. 111, no. 3, pp. 433–444, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  24. V V Kapitonov and J Jurka, “A novel class of SINE elements derived from 5S rRNA,” Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 694–702, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  25. K Szafranski, T Dingermann, G Glockner, and T Winckler, “Template jumping by a LINE reverse transcriptase has created a SINE-like 5S rRNA retropseudogene in \textit{Dictyostelium},” Molecular Genetics and Genomics, vol. 271, no. 1, pp. 98–102, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  26. A Buzdin, E Gogvadze, E Kovalskaya et al., “The human genome contains many types of chimeric retrogenes generated through \textit{in vivo} RNA recombination,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 31, no. 15, pp. 4385–4390, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  27. H H Jr Kazazian, “An estimated frequency of endogenous insertional mutations in humans,” Nature Genetics, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 130–130, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed