Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2007, Article ID 54169, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2007/54169
Research Article

Development of FRET-Based Assays in the Far-Red Using CdTe Quantum Dots

1School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales CF24 3AA, UK
2School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales CF14 4XN, UK

Received 29 March 2007; Accepted 11 October 2007

Academic Editor: Marek Osinski

Copyright © 2007 E. Z. Chong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. M. Clegg, “The history of FRET: from conception through the labors of birth,” in Reviews in Fluorescence, J. R. Lakowicz and C. D. Geddes, Eds., vol. 3, pp. 1–45, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  2. J. R. Lakowicz, Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2006.
  3. I. Z. Steinberg, “Long-range nonradiative transfer of electronic excitation energy in proteins and polypeptides,” Annual Review of Biochemistry, vol. 40, pp. 83–114, 1971. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. L. Stryer, “Fluorescence energy transfer as a spectroscopic ruler,” Annual Review of Biochemistry, vol. 47, pp. 819–846, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. P. G. Wu and L. Brand, “Resonance energy-transfer—methods and applications,” Analytical Biochemistry, vol. 218, no. 1, pp. 1–13, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. M. A. Hines and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Synthesis and characterization of strongly luminescing ZnS-capped CdSe nanocrystals,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 100, no. 2, pp. 468–471, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec et al., “(CdSe)ZnS core-shell quantum dots: Synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 101, no. 46, pp. 9463–9475, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth of highly luminescent CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals with photostability and electronic accessibility,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 119, no. 30, pp. 7019–7029, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. W. J. Parak, T. Pellegrino, and C. Plank, “Labelling of cells with quantum dots,” Nanotechnology, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. R9–R25, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. D. M. Willard, L. L. Carillo, J. Jung, and A. Van Orden, “CdSe-ZnS quantum dots as resonance energy transfer donors in a model protein-protein binding assay,” Nano Letters, vol. 1, no. 9, pp. 469–474, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. E. Oh, M. Y. Hong, D. Lee, S. H. Nam, H. C. Yoon, and H. S. Kim, “Inhibition assay of biomolecules based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between quantum dots and gold nanoparticles,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 127, no. 10, pp. 3270–3271, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. Invitrogen, “Qdot streptavidin conjugates user manual,” 2006. View at Google Scholar
  13. A. P. Alivisatos, “Perspectives on the physical chemistry of semiconductor nanocrystals,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 100, no. 31, pp. 13226–13239, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. A. R. Clapp, I. L. Medintz, and H. Mattoussi, “Förster resonance energy transfer investigations using quantum-dot fluorophores,” ChemPhysChem, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 47–57, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. L. A. Padilha, A. A.-R. Neves, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. Brito-Cruz, “Recombination processes in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 85, no. 15, pp. 3256–3258, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. X. Y. Wu, H. J. Liu, J. Q. Liu et al., “Immunofluorescent labeling of cancer marker Her2 and other cellular targets with semiconductor quantum dots,” Nature Biotechnology, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 41–46, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. D. R. Lide, Ed., CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, 2001.
  18. A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor clusters, nanocrystals, and quantum dots,” Science, vol. 271, no. 5251, pp. 933–937, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. M. Nirmal and L. Brus, “Luminescence photophysics in semiconductor nanocrystals,” Accounts of Chemical Research, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 407–414, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. Y. Wang and N. Herron, “Nanometer-sized semiconductor clusters: materials synthesis, quantum size effects, and photophysical properties,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 95, no. 2, pp. 525–532, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. B. N.-G. Giepmans, T. J. Deerinck, B. L. Smarr, Y. Z. Jones, and M. H. Ellisman, “Correlated light and electron microscopic imaging of multiple endogenous proteins using Quantum dots,” Nature Methods, vol. 2, no. 10, pp. 743–749, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. A. Chilkoti and P. S. Stayton, “Molecular origins of the slow streptavidin-biotin dissociation kinetics,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 117, no. 43, pp. 10622–10628, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. A. R. Clapp, I. L. Medintz, J. M. Mauro, B. R. Fisher, M. G. Bawendi, and H. Mattoussi, “Fluorescence resonance energy transfer between quantum dot donors and dye-labeled protein acceptors,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 126, no. 1, pp. 301–310, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. G. Schlegel, J. Bohnenberger, I. Potapova, and A. Mews, “Fluorescence decay time of single semiconductor nanocrystals,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 88, no. 13, pp. 1374011–1374014, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. B. R. Fisher, H.-J. Eisler, N. E. Stott, and M. G. Bawendi, “Emission intensity dependence and single-exponential behavior in single colloidal quantum dot fluorescence lifetimes,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 108, no. 1, pp. 143–148, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar