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Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2010, Article ID 489784, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/489784
Research Article

High Prevalence of Arcobacter Carriage in Older Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes

1Department of Pathology and Experimental Microbiology, University of Messina, 98125 Messina, Italy
2Department of Internal Medicine, University of Messina, 98125 Messina, Italy
3Department of Animal Biology and Marine Ecology, University of Messina, 98166 Messina, Italy

Received 31 January 2010; Accepted 25 March 2010

Academic Editor: Schwan William

Copyright © 2010 Maria Teresa Fera et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Arcobacters are potential pathogens related to diarrheic infections and, rarely, septicaemia. This study evaluated the prevalence of arcobacters in stool samples of subjects with ( ) and without ( ) type 2 diabetes by using cultural and molecular techniques. Three Arcobacter positive cultures were found, all among diabetic subjects, whereas molecular analysis showed a carriage rate of 79% and 26.2% in subjects with and without type 2 diabetes ( ), respectively. The multivariate analysis showed that type 2 diabetes ( ; 95%CI: 2.378–19.285; ) and age ( ; 95%CI: 2.077–15.766; ) were the only factors independently associated with arcobacters colonization in this population. Our study demonstrated a high prevalence of arcobacters colonization in type 2 diabetic and older subjects. The clinical significance and the potential health risk associated with these emerging species remain to be determined.