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Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2010, Article ID 541698, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/541698
Review Article

Synthetic Biology Guides Biofuel Production

Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA

Received 16 May 2010; Accepted 5 July 2010

Academic Editor: Patrick Cirino

Copyright © 2010 Michael R. Connor and Shota Atsumi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The advancement of microbial processes for the production of renewable liquid fuels has increased with concerns about the current fuel economy. The development of advanced biofuels in particular has risen to address some of the shortcomings of ethanol. These advanced fuels have chemical properties similar to petroleum-based liquid fuels, thus removing the need for engine modification or infrastructure redesign. While the productivity and titers of each of these processes remains to be improved, progress in synthetic biology has provided tools to guide the engineering of these processes through present and future challenges.