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Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 721485, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/721485
Research Article

Aberrant Methylation of Thrombospondin-1 and Its Association with Reduced Expression in Gastric Cardia Adenocarcinoma

1Department of Laboratory of Pathology, The Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050011, China
2Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050011, China
3Department of Laboratory of Flow Cytometry of Hebei Cancer Institute, The Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050011, China

Received 27 August 2009; Revised 8 December 2009; Accepted 31 December 2009

Academic Editor: Haodong Xu

Copyright © 2010 Wei Guo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. Investigate the promoter methylation of the Thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) gene in gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA). Methods. MSP approach, immunohistochemistry method, and RT-PCR were used respectively to examine the promoter methylation of TSP1, its protein and mRNA expression in tumors and corresponding normal tissues. The expression and concentration of TGF- 1 were examined respectively by immunohistochemistry and ELISA method. The status of T cell immunity was examined by Flow cytometry analysis. Results. TSP1 was methylated in 34/96 (35.4%) tumor specimens, which was significantly higher than that in corresponding normal tissues ( ). Protein and mRNA expression of TSP1 in GCA tumor tissues were reduced significantly and were associated with TSP1 methylation. The protein expression of TGF- 1 was significantly higher in tumor tissues ( ) and was associated with TNM stage and histological differentiation. The concentration of active and total TGF- 1 did not show significant difference between the GCA patients with hypermethylation of TSP1 and without methylation of TSP1 ( ). The function of T cell immunity was significantly different between the GCA patients with hypermethylation of TSP1 and without methylation of TSP1. Conclusions. Epigenetic silencing of TSP1 gene by promoter hypermethylation may play an important role in GCA.