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Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2012, Article ID 158084, 6 pages
Research Article

Clinical Value of CD24 Expression in Retinoblastoma

1Department of Ophthalmology, Research Institute of Surgery and Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400042, China
2Department of Pharmacy, Chongqing Red Cross Hospital, Chongqing 400020, China
3Department of Neonatology, Yong Chuan Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 402160, China

Received 10 December 2011; Accepted 6 February 2012

Academic Editor: Xin-Yuan Guan

Copyright © 2012 Jia Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. The expression of CD24 has been detected in a wide variety of human malignancies. Downregulation of CD24 inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in tumor cells, whereas its upregulation increases tumor growth and metastasis. However, no data on CD24 protein levels in retinoblastoma are available, and the mechanism of CD24 involvement in retinoblastoma progress has not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to explore the expression profile of CD24 in the retinoblastoma tumor samples and to correlate with clinicopathological parameters. Methods. Immunohistochemistry was performed for CD24 on the archival paraffin sections of retinoblastoma and correlated with clinicopathological features. Western blotting was performed to confirm immunoreactivity results. Results. CD24 immunoreactivity was observed in 72.0% (36/50) of the retinoblastoma specimens. Among the 35 low-risk tumors, CD24 was expressed in 62.9% (22/35) tumors and among the 15 high-risk tumors, CD24 was expressed in 93.3% (14/15) tumors. High-risk tumors showed significantly increased expression of CD24 compared to tumors with low-risk ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 ). Conclusions. This is the first correlation between CD24 expression and histopathology in human retinoblastoma. Our study showed increased expression of CD24 in high risk tumors compared to low risk tumors. Further functional studies are required to explore the role of CD24 in retinoblastoma.