BioMed Research International / 2012 / Article / Fig 1

Research Article

Metabolomics Analysis of Cistus monspeliensis Leaf Extract on Energy Metabolism Activation in Human Intestinal Cells

Figure 1

Effect of C. monspeliensis extract on the expression of TPI (a), PGM (b), and ATP synthase (c) mRNA by Caco-2 cells. β-actin was used as a house-keeping gene. The mRNA expression of TPI, PGM, and ATP synthase was normalized by β-actin mRNA expression. Each bar represents the mean ± SD ( 𝑛 = 3 ). * 𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 , ** 𝑃 < 0 . 0 1 compared to the control as determined by the 𝑡 -test.
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