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Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 490362, 8 pages
Research Article

Anatomy of Biometric Passports

Faculty of Information Technology, Brno University of Technology, Božetĕchova 2, 61266 Brno, Czech Republic

Received 25 May 2012; Accepted 18 July 2012

Academic Editor: Tai Hoon Kim

Copyright © 2012 Dominik Malčík and Martin Drahanský. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Travelling is becoming available for more and more people. Millions of people are on a way every day. That is why a better control over global human transfer and a more reliable identity check is desired. A recent trend in a field of personal identification documents is to use RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology and biometrics, especially (but not only) in passports. This paper provides an insight into the electronic passports (also called e-passport or ePassport) implementation chosen in the Czech Republic. Such a summary is needed for further studies of biometric passports implementation security and biometric passports analysis. A separate description of the Czech solution is a prerequisite for a planned analysis, because of the uniqueness of each implementation. (Each country can choose the implementation details within a range specified by the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation); moreover, specific security mechanisms are optional and can be omitted).