|Table 1: Nitrative and oxidative DNA damage in inflammation-induced carcinogenesis.|
|This table was adapted and modified from the IARC  and Coussens and Werb .|
IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer. aIARC classification: Group 1: carcinogenic to humans; Group 2A: probably carcinogenic to humans.
bHPV: human papilloma virus; HBV: hepatitis B virus; HCV: hepatitis C virus; EBV: Epstein-Barr virus.
cDNA lesions: IHC, 8-nitroguanine and 8-oxodG detected by immunohistochemistry; HPLC-ECD: 8-oxodG detected by HPLC-ECD; ELISA: serum 8-oxodG detected by ELISA.