Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013, Article ID 109580, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/109580
Research Article

A Comparative Histopathology, Serology and Molecular Study, on Experimental Ocular Toxocariasis by Toxocara cati in Mongolian Gerbils and Wistar Rats

1Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 31485561, Karaj, Iran
2Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 713451735, Shiraz, Iran
3Basic Sciences in Infectious Diseases Research Center, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 713451735, Shiraz, Iran
4Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 917751365, Birjand, Iran
5Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Kobe University Graduate School of Health Sciences, P.O. Box 6540142, Kobe, Japan
6Department of Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, P.O. Box 713451735, Shiraz, Iran
7Department of Ophthalmology, Khalili Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 713451735, Shiraz, Iran

Received 27 April 2013; Revised 22 July 2013; Accepted 29 July 2013

Academic Editor: Christen Rune Stensvold

Copyright © 2013 Mohammad Zibaei et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Azizi, A. Oryan, S. M. Sadjjadi, and M. Zibaei, “Histopathologic changes and larval recovery of Toxocara cati in experimentally infected chickens,” Parasitology Research, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 47–52, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. D. Despommier, “Toxocariasis: clinical aspects, epidemiology, medical ecology, and molecular aspects,” Clinical Microbiology Reviews, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 265–272, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. S. Clemett, H. J. Williamson, R. R. Hidajat, R. A. Allardyce, and A. C. Stewart, “Ocular Toxocara canis infections: diagnosis by enzyme immunoassay,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 145–150, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. L. de Visser, A. Rothova, J. H. de Boer et al., “Diagnosis of ocular toxocariasis by establishing intraocular antibody production,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 145, no. 2, pp. 369–374, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. Akao and N. Ohta, “Toxocariasis in Japan,” Parasitology International, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 87–93, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Zibaei, S. M. Sadjjadi, and S. Uga, “Experimental Toxocara cati infection in gerbils and rats,” Korean Journal of Parasitology, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 331–333, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. T. H. Dzbenski, W. Hautz, and E. Bitkowska, “Experimental toxocariasis in rabbits: immunological markers of ocular infections,” Wiadomości Parazytologiczne, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 591–596, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. Sakai, H. Kawashima, H. Shibui, K. Kamata, C. Kambara, and H. Matsuoka, “Toxocara cati-induced ocular toxocariasis,” Archives of Ophthalmology, vol. 116, no. 12, pp. 1686–1687, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. N. Cardillo, A. Rosa, M. Ribicich, C. López, and I. Sommerfelt, “Experimental infection with Toxocara cati in BALB-c mice, migratory behaviour and pathological changes,” Zoonoses and Public Health, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 198–205, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. K. Taira, Y. Saitoh, and C. M. O. Kapel, “Toxocara cati larvae persist and retain high infectivity in muscles of experimentally infected chickens,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 180, no. 3-4, pp. 287–291, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. X. Q. Zhu, S. D'Amelio, H. W. Palm, L. Paggi, M. George-Nascimento, and R. B. Gasser, “SSCP-based identification of members within the Pseudoterranova decipiens complex (Nematoda: Ascaridoidea: Anisakidae) using genetic markers in the internal transcribed spacers of ribosomal DNA,” Parasitology, vol. 124, no. 6, pp. 615–623, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. Borecka, J. Gawor, M. Niedworok, and B. Sordyl, “Detection of Toxocara canis larvae by PCR in the liver of experimentally infected Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus),” Helminthologia, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 147–149, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. N. Akao, T. H. Takayanagi, R. Suzuki, S. Tsukidate, and K. Fujita, “Ocular larva migrans caused by Toxocara cati in Mongolian gerbils and a comparison of ophthalmologic findings with those produced by T. canis,” Journal of Parasitology, vol. 86, no. 5, pp. 1133–1135, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. E. Hayashi, N. Akao, and K. Fujita, “Evidence for the involvement of the optic nerve as a migration route for larvae in ocular toxocariasis of Mongolian gerbils,” Journal of Helminthology, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 311–315, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Z. Lescano, M. L. Queiroz, and P. P. Chieffi, “Larval recovery of Toxocara canis in organs and tissues of experimentally infected Rattus norvegicus,” Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, vol. 99, no. 6, pp. 627–628, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Zibaei, S. M. Sadjjadi, S. H. Jahadi Hosseini, and B. Sarkari, “A method for accelerating the maturation of Toxocara cati eggs,” Iranian Journal of Parasitology, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 39–42, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  17. D. H. De Savigny, “In vitro maintenance of Toxocara canis larvae and a simple method for the production of Toxocara ES antigen for use in serodiagnostic tests for visceral larva migrans,” Journal of Parasitology, vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 781–782, 1975. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. W. Li, R. Q. Lin, H. H. Chen, R. A. Sani, H. Q. Song, and X. Q. Zhu, “PCR tools for the verification of the specific identity of ascaridoid nematodes from dogs and cats,” Molecular and Cellular Probes, vol. 21, no. 5-6, pp. 349–354, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. Molk, “Ocular toxocariasis: a review of the literature,” Annals of Ophthalmology, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 216–231, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. A. Shields, “Ocular toxocariasis. A review,” Survey of Ophthalmology, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 361–381, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. H. Gillespie, W. J. Dinning, A. Voller, and N. S. Crowcroft, “The spectrum of ocular toxocariasis,” Eye, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 415–418, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. B. Good, C. V. Holland, M. R. H. Taylor, J. Larragy, P. Moriarty, and M. O'Regan, “Ocular toxocariasis in schoolchildren,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 173–178, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. I. D. C. Zanandréa, G. M. Oliveira, A. S. Abreu, and F. E. L. Pereira, “Ocular lesions in gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) infected with low larval burden of Toxocara canis: observations using indirect binocular ophthalmoscopy,” Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 570–574, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J.-F. Magnaval, L. Malard, B. Morassin, and R. Fabre, “Immunodiagnosis of ocular toxocariasis using Western-blot for the detection of specific anti-Toxocara IgG and CAP for the measurement of specific anti-Toxocara IgE,” Journal of Helminthology, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 335–339, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. E. Bertelmann, K.-H. Velhagen, U. Pleyer, and C. Hartmann, “Ocular toxocariasis. Diagnostic and therapeutic options,” Ophthalmologe, vol. 100, no. 11, pp. 950–954, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. Żarnowska and M. Jastrzębska, “Excretory-secretory larval antigens of Toxocara canis: physico-chemical characteristics and specificity assayed by Western blot technique,” Acta Parasitologica, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 41–45, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  27. I. E. Sommerfelt, G. Santillán, C. Lopez, M. Ribicich, and A. J. Franco, “Immunological and hematological response in experimental Toxocara canis-infected pigs,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 96, no. 2, pp. 127–134, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. H. Takayanagi, N. Akao, R. Suzuki, M. Tomoda, S. Tsukidate, and K. Fujita, “New animal model for human ocular toxocariasis: ophthalmoscopic observation,” British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 83, no. 8, pp. 967–972, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. V. Santos, S. Z. Lescano, J. M. Castro, and P. P. Chieffi, “Larval recovery of Toxocara cati in experimentally infected Rattus norvegicus and analysis of the rat as potential reservoir for this ascarid,” Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, vol. 104, no. 6, pp. 933–934, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. Cho, M. Egami, H. Ohnuki et al., “Migration behaviour and pathogenesis of five ascarid nematode species in the Mongolian gerbil Meriones unguiculatus,” Journal of Helminthology, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 43–47, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. L. M. Weiss, S. A. Udem, M. Salgo, H. B. Tanowitz, and M. Wittner, “Sensitive and specific detection of toxoplasma DNA in an experimental murine model: use of Toxoplasma gondii-specific cDNA and the polymerase chain reaction,” Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 163, no. 1, pp. 180–186, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. L. V. Kirchhoff, J. R. Votava, D. E. Ochs, and D. R. Moser, “Comparison of PCR and microscopic methods for detecting Trypanosoma cruzi,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 1171–1175, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus