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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 175056, 5 pages
Research Article

Anthropometric Measurements of the Human Distal Femur: A Study of the Adult Malay Population

1Medical Devices & Technology Group (MEDITEG), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
2Department of Orthopaedics, Traumatology and Rehabilitation, Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia, 25200 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
3Department of Radiology, Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia, 25200 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
4Tissue Engineering Group, NOCERAL, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
5Sport Innovation and Technology Centre, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

Received 11 April 2013; Accepted 8 September 2013

Academic Editor: Dominique Saragaglia

Copyright © 2013 Fitdriyah Hussain et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The distal femurs of 100 subjects (50 men, 50 women) from the Malay population aged between 19 and 38 years were scanned to measure the anterior-posterior (AP) and medial-lateral (ML) width. The mean AP values were 64.02 ± 3.38 mm and 57.33 ± 3.26 mm for men and women, respectively, and the mean ML values were 74.91 ± 3.52 mm and 64.53 ± 3.07 mm. We compared our data to that published previously for the Chinese and Indian populations. It was found that the Malay population had smaller distal femur than that of the Chinese but was larger than that of the Indian population (P < 0.05). In conclusion, although it is well established that Asians have a smaller distal femur size than that of the Western population, the variations in different Asian ethnicities may need to be considered when designing the appropriate knee implant.