BioMed Research International / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Investigation of Tramadol Dependence with No History of Substance Abuse: A Cross-Sectional Survey of Spontaneously Reported Cases in Guangzhou City, China

Table 1

Characteristics of demographic and history of drug use.

VariablesTramadol
( )
n (%)
Heroin
( )
n (%)
MA#
( )
n (%)
Healthy men
( )
n (%)

Age (years)
1.1480.267
 Range(18–34)(18–61)(20–56)(19–29)
Education
 Junior high school9 (39.1)28 (32.9)19 (31.7)16 (32.0)1.9410.115
 Senior high school and above14 (60.9)57 (67.1)41 (68.3)34 (68.0)
Marital status
 Single15 (65.2)56 (65.9)31 (51.7)43 (86.0)1.2520.207
 Others*8 (34.8)29 (34.1)29 (48.3)7 (14.0)
Ethnicity
 Han ethnicity21 (91.3)70 (82.4)59 (98.3)49 (98.0)1.0940.236
 Others2 (8.7)15 (17.6)1 (1.7)1 (2.0)
Occupation
 Unemployed7 (30.4)31 (36.5)19 (31.7)30 (60.0)0.2890.591#
 Employed16 (69.6)54 (63.5)41 (68.3)20 (40.0)

Including students.
*Including married, divorced, and others.
#Methamphetamine.

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