BioMed Research International / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

The Investigation of Tramadol Dependence with No History of Substance Abuse: A Cross-Sectional Survey of Spontaneously Reported Cases in Guangzhou City, China

Table 3

Comparison of scores of ARCI scales across groups.

ComparisonMean value of difference95% CI

TramadolMBG versus PCAG2.43**0.69, 4.180.007
MBG versus LSD2.30*0.56, 4.050.010
PCAG versus LSD−0.13−1.87, 1.610.882

MBGTramadol versus heroin −0.27−1.91, 1.370.745
Tramadol versus MA0.870.92, −0.970.348
Tramadol versus healthy2.58**0.88, 4.280.004

PCAGTramadol versus heroin−2.18**−3.69, −0.680.005
Tramadol versus MA−0.19−1.77, 1.380.807
Tramadol versus healthy2.02*0.47, 3.570.012

LSDTramadol versus heroin−0.58−1.79, 0.620.334
Tramadol versus MA−2.14−1.47, 1.040.733
Tramadol versus healthy1.50*0.25, 2.750.020

LSD test, * , and ** .

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