Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013, Article ID 310574, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/310574
Clinical Study

Time Course of Improvement of Metabolic Parameters after a 12 Week Physical Exercise Programme in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: The Influence of Gender in a Nigerian Population

1Department of Physiotherapy, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan 200211, Nigeria
2Department of Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano 700233, Nigeria
3Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan 200211, Nigeria

Received 30 April 2013; Revised 20 July 2013; Accepted 30 July 2013

Academic Editor: Bijay Vaidya

Copyright © 2013 A. F. Adeniyi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. I. Cleeman, “Executive summary of the third report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) expert panel on detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults (adult treatment panel III),” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 285, no. 19, pp. 2486–2497, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. “Third report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) expert panel on detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). Final report,” Circulation, vol. 106, no. 25, pp. 3143–3421, 2002.
  3. Canadian Diabetes Association, “Metabolic syndrome,” http://www.diabetes.ca/diabetes-and-you/what/metabolic-syndrome/.
  4. S. Golbidi, A. Mesdaghinia, and I. Laher, “Exercise in the metabolic syndrome,” Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, vol. 2012, Article ID 349710, 13 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. P. T. Katzmarzyk, A. S. Leon, J. H. Wilmore et al., “Targeting the metabolic syndrome with exercise: evidence from the HERITAGE family study,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 35, no. 10, pp. 1703–1709, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. Yamaoka and T. Tango, “Effects of lifestyle modification on metabolic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” BMC Medicine, vol. 10, article 138, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. “The IDF consensus worldwide definition of the metabolic syndrome,” pp. 3–23, 2006, http://www.idf.org/webdata/docs/IDF_Meta_def_final.pdf.
  8. L. H. Opie, “Metabolic syndrome,” Circulation, vol. 115, no. 3, pp. e32–e35, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Haffner, “Diabetes and the metabolic syndrome—when is it best to intervene to prevent?” Atherosclerosis Supplements, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. S3–S10, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. Pitsavos, D. Panagiotakos, M. Weinem, and C. Stefanadis, “Diet, exercise and the metabolic syndrome,” Review of Diabetic Studies, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 118–126, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  11. S. Carroll and M. Dudfield, “What is the relationship between exercise and metabolic abnormalities? A review of the metabolic syndrome,” Sports Medicine, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 371–418, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. R. Thomas, S. O. Warner, K. C. Dellsperger et al., “Exercise and the metabolic syndrome with weight regain,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 109, no. 1, pp. 3–10, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Touati, F. Meziri, S. Devaux, A. Berthelot, R. M. Touyz, and P. Laurant, “Exercise reverses metabolic syndrome in high-fat diet-induced obese rats,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 398–407, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. J. Magee, Orthopaedics Physical Assessment, W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 3rd edition, 1992.
  15. J. G. Hall, V. G. Froster-Iskenius, and J. E. Allanson, Handbook of Normal Physiological Measurements, Oxford, New York, NY, USA, 1st edition, 1989.
  16. M. V. Martín, G. B. Gómez, G. M. Antoranz, H. S. Fernández, D. L. Gómez, and O. M. de Oya, “Validation of the OMRON BF 300 monitor for measuring body fat by bioelectric impedance,” Atencion Primaria, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 174–181, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. O. Manual, Body Fat Monitor Instruction Manual, Omron Healthcare Company, Kyoto, Japan, 2004.
  18. J. H. Wilmore and D. L. Costill, Physiology of Sport and Exercise, Human Kinetics, Champaign, Ill, USA, 3rd edition.
  19. D. Davis, T. Kimmet, and M. Auty, Physical Education: Theory and Practice, Macmillan, London, UK, 2nd edition, 1989.
  20. D. J. Cuff, G. S. Meneilly, A. Martin, A. Ignaszewski, H. D. Tildesley, and J. J. Frohlich, “Effective exercise modality to reduce insulin resistance in women with type II diabetes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 2977–2982, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. P. K. Wilson, P. S. Fardy, and V. F. Froelider, Cardiac Rehabilitation, Adult Fitness and Exercise Testing, Febiger, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1981.
  22. R. J. Sigal, G. P. Kenny, D. H. Wasserman, and C. Castaneda-Sceppa, “Physical activity/exercise and type 2 diabetes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 2518–2539, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. O. Sanya, “The role of physiotherapy in the total management of diabetes mellitus,” Journal of Nigeria Medical Rehabilitation Therapists, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 19–21, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  24. J. R. Goldsmith, R. H. Lidtke, and S. Shott, “The effects of range-of-motion therapy on the plantar pressures of patients with diabetes mellitus,” Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, vol. 92, no. 9, pp. 483–490, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. D. W. Dunstan, R. M. Daly, N. Owen, D. Jolley, M. De Courten, and J. Shaw, “High-intensity resistance training improves glycemic control in older patients with type 2 diabetes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 1729–1736, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. L. J. Brandon, D. A. Gaasch, L. W. Boyette, and A. M. Lloyd, “Effects of long-term resistive training on mobility and strength in older adults with diabetes,” Journals of Gerontology A, vol. 58, no. 8, pp. M740–M745, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. Hazeldine, Strength Training for Sport, Crowood Press, London, UK, 1st edition, 1990.
  28. T. Lycholat, The Complete Book of Resistance Training, Crowood Press, London, UK, 1990.
  29. “Standard treatment guidelines,” Federal Ministry of Health, Nigeria, pp. 90-91, 2008.
  30. S. M. Grundy, H. B. Brewer Jr., J. I. Cleeman, S. C. Smith Jr., and C. Lenfant, “Definition of Metabolic Syndrome: report of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/American Heart Association Conference on Scientific Issues Related to Definition,” Circulation, vol. 109, no. 3, pp. 433–438, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. L. M. P. Jorge, V. N. De Oliveira, N. M. Resende et al., “The effects of aerobic, resistance, and combined exercise on metabolic control, inflammatory markers, adipocytokines, and muscle insulin signaling in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus,” Metabolism, vol. 60, no. 9, pp. 1244–1252, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. P. D. Thompson, S. F. Crouse, B. Goodpaster, D. Kelley, N. Moyna, and L. Pescatello, “The acute versus the chronic response to exercise,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 33, no. 6, supplement, pp. S438–S445, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. Bweir, M. Al-Jarrah, A. Almalty et al., “Resistance exercise training lowers HbA1c more than aerobic training in adults with type 2 diabetes,” Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome, vol. 1, no. 27, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. P. C. Ligtenberg, J. B. L. Hoekstra, E. Bol, M. L. Zonderland, and D. W. Erkelens, “Effects of physical training on metabolic control in elderly type 2 diabetes mellitus patients,” Clinical Science, vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 127–135, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. P. Tokmakidis, C. E. Zois, K. A. Volaklis, K. Kotsa, and A.-M. Touvra, “The effects of a combined strength and aerobic exercise program on glucose control and insulin action in women with type 2 diabetes,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 92, no. 4-5, pp. 437–442, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. M. D. Hordern, L. M. Cooney, E. M. Beller, J. B. Prins, T. H. Marwick, and J. S. Coombes, “Determinants of changes in blood glucose response to short-term exercise training in patients with type 2 diabetes,” Clinical Science, vol. 115, no. 9, pp. 273–281, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. C. Dancy, V. Lohsoonthorn, and M. A. Williams, “Risk of dyslipidemia in relation to level of physical activity among Thai professional and office workers,” Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 932–941, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. M. Lahti-Koski, K. Harald, S. Männistö, T. Laatikainen, and P. Jousilahti, “Fifteen-year changes in body mass index and waist circumference in Finnish adults,” European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 398–404, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. World Health Organization (WHO), “Waist circumference and waist hip ratio: report of a WHO expert consultation,” 2008, http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2011/9789241501491_eng.pdf.
  40. L. P. T. Hua, C. A. Brown, S. J. M. Hains, M. Godwin, and J. L. Parlow, “Effects of low-intensity exercise conditioning on blood pressure, heart rate, and autonomic modulation of heart rate in men and women with hypertension,” Biological Research for Nursing, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 129–143, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. F. Dimeo, N. Pagonas, F. Seibert, R. Arndt, W. Zidek, and T. H. Westhoff, “Aerobic exercise reduces blood pressure in resistant hypertension,” Hypertension, vol. 60, pp. 653–658, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  42. M. Kanbay, F. Turgut, M. E. Erkmen Uyar, A. Akcay, and A. Covic, “Causes and mechanisms of nondipping hypertension,” Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, vol. 30, no. 7, pp. 585–597, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus