BioMed Research International / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Khat Chewing among Students of Higher Education in Jazan Region, Saudi Arabia: Prevalence, Pattern, and Related Factors

Table 3

Pattern of Khat chewing among study participants according to gender.

CharacteristicsMale (%)Female (%)Total (%) value

Place of Khat chewing ( )0.000
 In my house299 (36.9)25 (53.2)324 (37.8)
 In my friend’s house215 (26.5)10 (21.3)225 (26.3)
 In school7 (0.9)5 (10.6)12 (1.4)
 In public places165 (20.4)2 (4.3)167 (19.5)
 In occasions25 (3.1) 0 (0.0)25 (2.9)
 Other place99 (12.2)5 (10.6)104 (12.1)
Do you think that it is easy to obtain Khat? ( )0.378
 Yes313 (38.5)22 (44.9)335 (38.9)
 Yes to some extent413 (50.8)20 (40.8)433 (50.2)
 No87 (10.7)7 (14.3)94 (10.9)
Khat source ( )0.000
 From sellers386 (54.8)10 (29.4)396 (53.7)
 I give money to another person to buy it67 (9.5)4 (11.8)71 (9.6)
 I take some Khat from another person 117 (16.6)10 (29.4)127 (17.2)
 Elder person gives me Khat55 (7.8)5 (14.7)60 (8.1)
 Other799 (11.2)5 (14.7)84 (11.4)
Age at first time to chew Khat ( )0.653
 Less than 10 years67 (8.0)4 (11.8)71 (8.2)
 10–14 years238 (28.5)8 (23.5)246 (28.3)
 More than 15 years529 (63.4)22 (64.7)551 (63.5)
Khat chewing time ( )0.000
 At noon65 (8.1)10 (23.8)75 (8.9)
 After noon66 (8.2)4 (9.5)70 (8.3)
 At evening38 (4.7)1 (2.4)39 (4.6)
 At night636 (79.0)27 (64.3)663 (78.3)
Frequency of Khat chewing ( )0.005
 Daily57 (7.5)12 (29.3)69 (8.6)
 Most of the weekdays86 (11.3)8 (19.5)94 (11.7)
 Weekends only280 (36.6)9 (22.0)289 (35.9)
 In occasions341 (44.6)12 (29.3)353 (43.9)
Time spent in Khat session ( )0.000
 Less than 5 hours190 (24.3)17 (43.6)207 (25.2)
 5–9 hours500 (63.9)12 (30.8)512 (62.3)
 More than 10 hours93 (11.9)10 (25.6)103 (12.5)
With whom do you chew Khat ( )0.023
 Family41 (5.1)5 (10.9)46 (5.4)
 Relatives131 (16.3)8 (17.4)139 (16.4)
 Friends570 (71.0)25 (54.3)595 (70.1)
 Alone61 (7.6)8 (17.4)69 (8.1)
Reasons of Khat chewing ( )0.000
 When feeling their stressed61 (7.9)11 (25.0)72 (8.8)
 Anxiety25 (3.2)2 (4.5)27 (3.3)
 Need to change mood375 (48.5)25 (56.8)400 (49.0)
 Other reasons312 (40.4)6 (13.6)318 (38.9)

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