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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013, Article ID 576189, 11 pages
Research Article

Identification of Differential Expression Genes in Leaves of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Response to Heat Stress by cDNA-AFLP Analysis

1College of Life Science, Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu 226019, China
2Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology of Jiangsu Province, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225009, China

Received 2 August 2012; Revised 14 December 2012; Accepted 7 January 2013

Academic Editor: Juan Francisco Jiménez Bremont

Copyright © 2013 Yunying Cao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


High temperature impedes the growth and productivity of various crop species. To date, rice (Oryza sativa L.) has not been exploited to understand the molecular basis of its abnormally high level of temperature tolerance. To identify transcripts induced by heat stress, twenty-day-old rice seedlings of different rice cultivars suffering from heat stress were treated at different times, and differential gene expression analyses in leaves were performed by cDNA-AFLP and further verified by real-time RT-PCR. In aggregate, more than three thousand different fragments were indentified, and 49 fragments were selected for the sequence and differential expressed genes were classified functionally into different groups. 6 of 49 fragments were measured by real-time RT-PCR. In addition, the variations of three different polyamine contents in response to heat stress through high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis were also performed. The results and their direct and indirect relationships to heat stress tolerance mechanism were discussed.