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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013, Article ID 642362, 6 pages
Clinical Study

Association of Seat Height and Arm Position on the Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test Times of Stroke Survivors

1Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
2Institute of Human Performance, The Univeristy of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Received 23 April 2013; Revised 29 May 2013; Accepted 5 August 2013

Academic Editor: Xinqi Dong

Copyright © 2013 Shamay S. M. Ng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objectives. To investigate (1) the association of seat height and (2) the association of arm position on the five times sit-to-stand test (FTSTS) times of individuals with stroke. Design. A cross-sectional study. Setting. University-based rehabilitation centre. Subjects. Patients ( ) with chronic stroke. Methods. The times in completing the FTSTS with different seat height (85%, 100%, and 115% knee height) and arm positions (arms across chest, hands on thighs). Results. FTSTS times were significantly different between 85% and 100% seat heights, and between the 85% and 115% seat heights in both arm positions. However, there was no significant difference between the FTSTS times with the two arm positions at any seat height tested. Conclusion. Seat heights lower than the knee height result in longer FTSTS times, whereas arms positions did not significantly affect the FTSTS times.