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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013, Article ID 654120, 10 pages
Review Article

Biotechnological Approaches to Study Plant Responses to Stress

Department of Agricultural Sciences, Universitat Jaume I, Campus Riu Sec, 12071 Castelló de la Plana, Spain

Received 31 July 2012; Accepted 30 October 2012

Academic Editor: Sarvajeet S. Gill

Copyright © 2013 Rosa M. Pérez-Clemente et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Multiple biotic and abiotic environmental stress factors affect negatively various aspects of plant growth, development, and crop productivity. Plants, as sessile organisms, have developed, in the course of their evolution, efficient strategies of response to avoid, tolerate, or adapt to different types of stress situations. The diverse stress factors that plants have to face often activate similar cell signaling pathways and cellular responses, such as the production of stress proteins, upregulation of the antioxidant machinery, and accumulation of compatible solutes. Over the last few decades advances in plant physiology, genetics, and molecular biology have greatly improved our understanding of plant responses to abiotic stress conditions. In this paper, recent progresses on systematic analyses of plant responses to stress including genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and transgenic-based approaches are summarized.