BioMed Research International / 2013 / Article / Fig 2

Research Article

Helminth Protein Vaccine Induced Follicular T Helper Cell for Enhancement of Humoral Immunity against Schistosoma japonicum

Figure 2

The induction of Tfh cells in mice immunized with SjGST-32/FK506. BALB/c mice were immunized twice with SjGST-32/FK506 in a 2-week interval. Three days after the second injection, the splenocytes were prepared as described in Section 2. (a) The CD4+ T cells were gated for analysis of Tfh cells and the data were shown as the percentage of Tfh cells (CD4+CXCR5+Bcl-6+) in total CD4+ T cells. The graphic result of the percentage of Tfh cells was shown. (b) The CD4+CXCR5+ T cells were gated for analysis of IL-21 expression in Tfh cells and the data are shown as the percentage of IL-21+ (CD4+ CXCR5+Bcl-6+IL-21+) cells in total Tfh cells (CD4+CXCR5+Bcl-6+) and the expression of IL-21 from Tfh cells. The samples were analyzed by flow cytometry. Shown in each panel is 1 of at least 3 experiments with similar results. The graphic result of the percentage of IL-21+Tfh cells was shown. (c) The CD4+ T cells were gated for analysis of IL-4 level from Tfh cells (CD4+CXCR5+IL-4+). The graphic result of the percentage of Tfh cells was shown. Shown in each panel is 1 of at least 3 experiments with similar results. The graphic result of the percentage of IL-4+Tfh cells was shown. Bar, mean, and SD from 3 independent experiments each using three mice per group. For statistical analysis, mice immunized with SjGST-32/FK506 were compared with those in other groups and ANOVA was used; . (d) The graphic result of the percentage of IFN- +Tfh cells was shown; bar, mean, and SD from 3 independent experiments each using at least three mice per group ( ). For statistical analysis, mice immunized with SjGST-32/FK506 were compared with those in other groups and ANOVA was used; .
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