Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 838145, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/838145
Research Article

The Occurrence of Two Species of Entomophthorales (Entomophthoromycota), Pathogens of Sitobion avenae and Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae), in Tunisia

1Plant Protection Laboratory of National Institute of Agricultural Research of Tunisia, Rue Hédi Karray, 2049 Ariana, Tunisia
2National Institute of Agronomy of Tunisia, University of Carthage, 43, Avenue Charles Nicolle, 1082 Cité Mahrajène, Tunisia
3Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Thorvaldsensvej 40, 1871 Frederiksberg, Denmark

Received 1 March 2013; Revised 22 April 2013; Accepted 28 May 2013

Academic Editor: Ameur Cherif

Copyright © 2013 Ibtissem Ben Fekih et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C.-A. Dedryver, A. Le Ralec, and F. Fabre, “The conflicting relationships between aphids and men: a review of aphid damage and control strategies,” Comptes Rendus Biologies, vol. 333, no. 6-7, pp. 539–553, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. Boukhris-Bouhachem, R. Souissi, H. Sellami, and M. Hullé, “Diversité des espèces de pucerons et évolution des populations des espèces vectrices,” in Proceedings of the 23nd International Forum for Biological Sciences, pp. 21–24, Tunisian Association of Biological Sciences, 2012.
  3. H. Harbaoui, K. M. Mezghani, M. Marrakchi, M. Makni, and H. Makni, “Etude morphologique et toxicologique des pucerons (homoptères: aphididae) des céréales en Tunisie,” Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, vol. 133, no. 1–3, pp. 203–213, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  4. S. Boukhris-Bouhachem, R. Souissi, E. Turpeau et al., “Aphid (hemiptera: Aphidoidea) diversity in Tunisia in relation to seed potato production,” Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 311–318, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H. Hesketh, P. G. Alderson, B. J. Pye, and J. K. Pell, “The development and multiple uses of a standardised bioassay method to select hypocrealean fungi for biological control of aphids,” Biological Control, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 242–255, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Jarraya, Principaux nuisibles des plantes cultivées et des denrées stockées en Afrique du Nord. Leur biologie, leurs ennemis naturels, leurs dégâts et leur contrôle, Climat Pub, Tunis, Tunisie, 2003.
  7. A. B. Jensen, L. M. Hansen, and J. Eilenberg, “Grain aphid population structure: no effect of fungal infections in a 2-year field study in Denmark,” Agricultural and Forest Entomology, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 279–290, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Barta and L. Cagan, “Aphids-pathogenic entomophthorales (their taxonomy, biology and ecology),” Biologia, vol. 61, no. 21, pp. 543–616, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. R. A. Humber, “Entomophthoromycota: a new phylum and reclassification for entomophthoroid fungi,” Mycotaxon, vol. 120, pp. 477–492, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  10. A. B. Jensen, J. Eilenberg, and C. López Lastra, “Differential divergences of obligately insect-pathogenic Entomophthora species from fly and aphid hosts,” FEMS Microbiology Letters, vol. 300, no. 2, pp. 180–187, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Eilenberg, Biology of fungi from the order Entomophthorales [DSc dissertation], Department of Ecology, The Royal Veterinary and Agriculture University, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2002.
  12. M. S. Goettel, J. Eilenberg, and T. Glare, “Entomopathogenic fungi and their role in regulation of insect populations,” in Comprehensive Molecular Insect Science, L. I. Gilbert, K. Iatrou, and S. Gill, Eds., vol. 6, pp. 361–406, Elsevier, London, UK, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  13. A. E. Hajek and I. Delalibera Jr., “Fungal pathogens as classical biological control agents against arthropods,” BioControl, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 147–158, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H. Hesketh, H. E. Roy, J. Eilenberg, J. K. Pell, and R. S. Hails, “Challenges in modelling complexity of fungal entomopathogens in semi-natural populations of insects,” BioControl, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 55–73, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Keller, Arthropod-Pathogenic Entomophthorales: Biology, Ecology, Identification, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Brussels, Luxembourg, 2007.
  16. M. Barta and L. Cagáň, “Observations on the occurrence of Entomophthorales infecting aphids (Aphidoidea) in Slovakia,” BioControl, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 795–808, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. L. Hatting, T. J. Poprawski, and R. M. Miller, “Prevalences of fungal pathogens and other natural enemies of cereal aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) in wheat under dryland and irrigated conditions in South Africa,” BioControl, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 179–199, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. C. Scorsetti, R. A. Humber, J. J. García, and C. C. L. Lastra, “Natural occurrence of entomopathogenic fungi (Zygomycetes: Entomophthorales) of aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) pests of horticultural crops in Argentina,” BioControl, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 641–655, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. Y. Abdel-Mallek, M. A. A. Abdel-Rahman, S. A. Omar, and G. H. A. Hamam, “A Comparative abundance of entomopathogenic fungi of cereal Aphids in Assiut, Egypt,” in Proceedings of the 2nd Saudi Science Conference, pp. 167–174, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, 2004.
  20. J. Guesmi-Jouini, N. Boughalleb-M'hamdi, and M. Ben Halima-Kamel, “Etudes préliminaires sur les champignons entomopathogènes des pucerons de l'artichaut en Tunisie,” Faunistic Entomology, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 171–181, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  21. G. Jouda, B. H. K. Monia, and B. Naima, “First report of aphidopathogenic fungi fusarium semitectum (Berkeley and Ravenel, 1875) and Fusarium sacchari (Butler and Hafiz Khan) Gams (1971) on Capitophorus elaeagni (Del Guercio) (Hemiptera: Aphididae),” African Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 290–293, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. R. L. Blackman and V. F. Eastop, Aphids on the World’s crops: An Identification and Information Guide, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 1984.
  23. R. A. Humber, “Fungi: identification,” in Manual of Techniques in Insect Pathology, L. A. Lacey, Ed., pp. 153–186, Academic Press, San Diego, Calif, USA, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  24. S. Keller, “Entomophthorales attacking aphids with a description of two new species,” Sydowia, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 38–74, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Traugott, J. R. Bell, G. R. Broad et al., “Endoparasitism in cereal aphids: molecular analysis of a whole parasitoid community,” Molecular Ecology, vol. 17, no. 17, pp. 3928–3938, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. R. A. Humber, “Synopsis of a revised classification for the Entomophthorales (Zygomycotina),” Mycotaxon, vol. 34, pp. 441–460, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  27. M. Cornu, “Note sur une nouvelle espèce d' Entomophthora (E. planchoniana),” Bulletin de la Société botanique de France, vol. 20, pp. 189–190, 1873. View at Google Scholar
  28. M. B. Thomas, E. L. Watson, and P. Valverde-Garcia, “Mixed infections and insect-pathogen interactions,” Ecology Letters, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 183–188, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. Vojvodic, J. J. Boomsma, J. Eilenberg, and A. B. Jensen, “Virulence of mixed fungal infections in honey bee brood,” Frontiers in Zoology, vol. 9, p. 5, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus