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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 142658, 11 pages
Review Article

New Imaging Strategies Using a Motion-Resistant Liver Sequence in Uncooperative Patients

Department of Radiology, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju National University School of Medicine, 1753-3 Ara-1-dong, Jeju-si, Jeju-do 690-716, Republic of Korea

Received 30 June 2014; Accepted 17 August 2014; Published 27 August 2014

Academic Editor: Pascal Niggemann

Copyright © 2014 Bong Soo Kim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


MR imaging has unique benefits for evaluating the liver because of its high-resolution capability and ability to permit detailed assessment of anatomic lesions. In uncooperative patients, motion artifacts can impair the image quality and lead to the loss of diagnostic information. In this setting, the recent advances in motion-resistant liver MR techniques, including faster imaging protocols (e.g., dual-echo magnetization-prepared rapid-acquisition gradient echo (MP-RAGE), view-sharing technique), the data under-sampling (e.g., gradient recalled echo (GRE) with controlled aliasing in parallel imaging results in higher acceleration (CAIPIRINHA), single-shot echo-train spin-echo (SS-ETSE)), and motion-artifact minimization method (e.g., radial GRE with/without k-space-weighted image contrast (KWIC)), can provide consistent, artifact-free images with adequate image quality and can lead to promising diagnostic performance. Understanding of the different motion-resistant options allows radiologists to adopt the most appropriate technique for their clinical practice and thereby significantly improve patient care.