Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 168106, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/168106
Research Article

The Association Study of Calmodulin 1 Gene Polymorphisms with Susceptibility to Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

1Department of Orthopaedics, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing 100005, China
2Department of Orthopaedics, The First People’s Hospital of Chengdu, Sichuan 610071, China

Received 20 September 2013; Accepted 27 November 2013; Published 16 January 2014

Academic Editor: Panagiotis Korovessis

Copyright © 2014 Yu Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. H. Mehta, “The conservative management of Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis,” Acta Orthopaedica Belgica, vol. 58, supplement 1, pp. 91–97, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. W. Gao, Y. Peng, G. Liang et al., “Association between common variants near LBX1 and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis replicated in the Chinese Han population,” PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 1, Article ID e53234, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. S. L. Weinstein, “Natural history,” Spine, vol. 24, no. 24, pp. 2592–2600, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. L. Pollak, N. Shlamkovic, A. Minewicz, and Y. Mirovsky, “Otolith dysfunction as a possible cause for the development of idiopathic scoliosis,” Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 293–297, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. B. Azeddine, K. Letellier, D. S. Wang, F. Moldovan, and A. Moreau, “Molecular determinants of melatonin signaling dysfunction in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no. 462, pp. 45–52, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Moreau, D. S. Wang, S. Forget et al., “Melatonin signaling dysfunction in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis,” Spine, vol. 29, no. 16, pp. 1772–1781, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Inoue, S. Minami, Y. Nakata et al., “Association between estrogen receptor gene polymorphisms and curve severity of idiopathic scoliosis,” Spine, vol. 27, no. 21, pp. 2357–2362, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. Wu, Y. Qiu, L. Zhang, Q. Sun, X. Qiu, and Y. He, “Association of estrogen receptor gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis,” Spine, vol. 31, no. 10, pp. 1131–1136, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H.-Q. Zhang, S.-J. Lu, M.-X. Tang et al., “Association of estrogen receptor β gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis,” Spine, vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 760–764, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Z. Chen, N. L. S. Tang, X. Cao et al., “Promoter polymorphism of matrilin-1 gene predisposes to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in a Chinese population,” European Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 525–532, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. X. S. Qiu, N. L. S. Tang, H. Y. Yeung et al., “Melatonin receptor 1B (MTNR1B) gene polymorphism is associated with the occurrence of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis,” Spine, vol. 32, no. 16, pp. 1748–1753, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. H. Wang, Z. Wu, Q. Zhuang et al., “Association study of tryptophan hydroxylase 1 and arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase polymorphisms with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in Han Chinese,” Spine, vol. 33, no. 20, pp. 2199–2203, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. Aulisa, P. Papaleo, E. Pola et al., “Association between IL-6 and MMP-3 gene polymorphisms and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a case-control study,” Spine, vol. 32, no. 24, pp. 2700–2702, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. E. Carafoli, “Intracellular calcium homeostasis,” Annual Review of Biochemistry, vol. 56, pp. 395–433, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. R. M. Hanley, S. Shenolikar, J. Pollack, D. Steplock, and E. J. Weinman, “Identification of calcium-calmodulin multifunctional protein kinase II in rabbit kidney,” Kidney International, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 63–66, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Cantaro, L. Calo, A. Vianello, S. Favaro, G. P. Rossi, and A. Borsatti, “Platelet calmodulin concentration and phospholipase A2 activity in essential hypertension,” Regulatory Peptides. Supplement, vol. 4, pp. 144–147, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  17. K. Kindsfater, T. Lowe, D. Lawellin, D. Weinstein, and J. Akmakjian, “Levels of platelet calmodulin for the prediction of progression and severity of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis,” The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American, vol. 76, no. 8, pp. 1186–1192, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. Lowe, D. Lawellin, D. Smith et al., “Platelet calmodulin levels in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: do the levels correlate with curve progression and severity?” Spine, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 768–775, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. D. Zhao, G.-X. Qiu, Y.-P. Wang et al., “Association of calmodulin1 gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis,” Orthopaedic Surgery, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 58–65, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. W. Zhi-Wei, W. Wei-Jun, S. Ming-Hui et al., “Characteristics of the pelvic axial rotation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a comparison between major thoracic curve and major thoracolumbar/lumbar curve,” The Spine Journal, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. J. Z. Lee, D. J. Lam, and K. B. Lim, “Late presentation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: who, why, and how often?” Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics B, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 6–14, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. I. Kou, Y. Takahashi, T. A. Johnson et al., “Genetic variants in GPR126 are associated with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis,” Nature Genetics, vol. 45, pp. 676–679, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. I. I. Ryzhkov, E. E. Borzilov, M. I. P. Churnosov, A. V. P. Ataman, A. A. Dedkov, and A. V. P. Polonikov, “Transforming growth factor beta 1 is a novel susceptibility gene for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis,” Spine, vol. 38, no. 12, pp. E699–E704, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. Y. Ogura, Y. Takahashi, I. Kou et al. et al., “A replication study for association of 5 single nucleotide polymorphisms with curve progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in Japanese patients,” Spine, vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 571–575, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. Y. Liu, Y. F. Lee, and M. K. Ng, “SNP and gene networks construction and analysis from classification of copy number variations data,” BMC Bioinformatics, vol. 12, supplement 5, article S4, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. K. Radhakrishnan, V. L. Raj, L. K. Tan, and C. K. Liam, “Single nucleotide polymorphism in the promoter of the human interleukin-13 gene is associated with asthma in Malaysian adults,” BioMed Research International, vol. 2013, Article ID 981012, 7 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. L. Jiang, L. Gan, J. Chen, and M. Wang, “Genetic analysis of clinical VZV isolates collected in China reveals a more homologous profile,” BioMed Research International, vol. 2013, Article ID 681234, 6 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. M. Mosor, I. Ziolkowska-Suchanek, K. Nowicka, A. Dzikiewicz-Krawczyk, D. Januszkiewicz-Lewandowska, and J. Nowak, “Germline variants in MRE11/RAD50/NBN complex genes in childhood leukemia,” BMC Cancer, vol. 13, article 457, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. L. R. Cardon and J. I. Bell, “Association study designs for complex diseases,” Nature Reviews Genetics, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 91–99, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. I. R. König, H. Schäfer, H.-H. Müller, and A. Ziegler, “Optimized group sequential study designs for tests of genetic linkage and association in complex diseases,” The American Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 590–600, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. H. Mototani, A. Mabuchi, S. Saito et al., “A functional single nucleotide polymorphism in the core promoter region of CALM1 is associated with hip osteoarthritis in Japanese,” Human Molecular Genetics, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 1009–1017, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. T. J. Phillips, R. Hen, and J. C. Crabbe, “Complications associated with genetic background effects in research using knockout mice,” Psychopharmacology, vol. 147, no. 1, pp. 5–7, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. C. L. Ackert-Bicknell, K. R. Shockley, L. G. Horton, B. Lecka-Czernik, G. A. Churchill, and C. J. Rosen, “Strain-specific effects of rosiglitazone on bone mass, body composition, and serum insulin-like growth factor-I,” Endocrinology, vol. 150, no. 3, pp. 1330–1340, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. E. M. Gallagher, D. M. O'Shea, P. Fitzpatrick et al., “Recurrence of urothelial carcinoma of the bladder: a role for insulin-like growth factor-II loss of imprinting and cytoplasmic E-cadherin immunolocalization,” Clinical Cancer Research, vol. 14, no. 21, pp. 6829–6838, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. T. G. Harris, R. D. Burk, H. Yu et al., “Insulin-like growth factor axis and oncogenic human papillomavirus natural history,” Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 245–248, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus