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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 196858, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/196858
Research Article

A Hadoop-Based Method to Predict Potential Effective Drug Combination

State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism and College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China

Received 31 March 2014; Revised 5 July 2014; Accepted 15 July 2014; Published 23 July 2014

Academic Editor: Degui Zhi

Copyright © 2014 Yifan Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Combination drugs that impact multiple targets simultaneously are promising candidates for combating complex diseases due to their improved efficacy and reduced side effects. However, exhaustive screening of all possible drug combinations is extremely time-consuming and impractical. Here, we present a novel Hadoop-based approach to predict drug combinations by taking advantage of the MapReduce programming model, which leads to an improvement of scalability of the prediction algorithm. By integrating the gene expression data of multiple drugs, we constructed data preprocessing and the support vector machines and naïve Bayesian classifiers on Hadoop for prediction of drug combinations. The experimental results suggest that our Hadoop-based model achieves much higher efficiency in the big data processing steps with satisfactory performance. We believed that our proposed approach can help accelerate the prediction of potential effective drugs with the increasing of the combination number at an exponential rate in future. The source code and datasets are available upon request.