Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 236821, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/236821
Research Article

Looking for Celiac Disease in Italian Women with Endometriosis: A Case Control Study

1Department of Internal Medicine, Catholic University of Rome, 00168 Rome, Italy
2Integrated Complex Columbus-Gemelli Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Catholic University of Rome, Via Giuseppe Moscati 31, 00168 Rome, Italy
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Catholic University of Rome, 00168 Rome, Italy
4Institute of General Pathology, Catholic University of Rome, 00168 Rome, Italy

Received 11 January 2014; Accepted 10 March 2014; Published 31 March 2014

Academic Editor: Giulia Montanari

Copyright © 2014 Luca Santoro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. E. Bulun, “Endometriosis,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 360, no. 3, pp. 268–279, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. B. Eskenazi and M. L. Warner, “Epidemiology of endometriosis,” Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 235–258, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Van Langendonckt, F. Casanas-Roux, and J. Donnez, “Oxidative stress and peritoneal endometriosis,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 77, no. 5, pp. 861–870, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. Christodoulakos, A. Augoulea, I. Lambrinoudaki, V. Sioulas, and G. Creatsas, “Pathogenesis of endometriosis: the role of defective “immunosurveillance”,” European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 194–202, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Agic, H. Xu, D. Finas, C. Banz, K. Diedrich, and D. Hornung, “Is endometriosis associated with systemic subclinical inflammation?” Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 139–147, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. I. C. Cameron, S. Rogers, M. C. Collins, and M. W. R. Reed, “Intestinal endometriosis: presentation, investigation, and surgical management,” International Journal of Colorectal Disease, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 83–86, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. C. Foster, J. L. Stern, J. Buscema, J. A. Rock, and J. D. Woodruff, “Pleural and parenchymal pulmonary endometriosis,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 552–556, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. N. Sinaii, S. D. Cleary, M. L. Ballweg, L. K. Nieman, and P. Stratton, “High rates of autoimmune and endocrine disorders, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome and atopic diseases among women with endometriosis: a survey analysis,” Human Reproduction, vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 2715–2724, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Montalto, L. Santoro, F. D'Onofrio et al., “Endometriosis, need for a multidisciplinary clinical setting: the internist's point of view,” Internal and Emergency Medicine, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 463–467, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. R. J. Farrell and C. P. Kelly, “Celiac sprue,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 346, no. 3, pp. 180–188, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Lohi, K. Mustalahti, K. Kaukinen et al., “Increasing prevalence of coeliac disease over time,” Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1217–1225, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. U. Volta, S. Bellentani, F. B. Bianchi et al., “High prevalence of celiac disease in Italian general population,” Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 1500–1505, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. Tommasini, T. Not, V. Kiren et al., “Mass screening for coeliac disease using antihuman transglutaminase antibody assay,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 89, no. 6, pp. 512–515, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. H. R. Green, “The many faces of celiac disease: clinical presentation of celiac disease in the adult population,” Gastroenterology, vol. 128, no. 4, pp. S74–S78, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Ventura, G. Magazzu, and L. Greco, “Duration of exposure to gluten and risk for autoimmune disorders in patients with celiac disease. SIGEP Study Group for Autoimmune Disorders in Celiac Disease,” Gastroenterology, vol. 117, no. 2, pp. 297–303, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. F. D'Onofrio, L. Miele, M. Diaco et al., “Sjogren's syndrome in a celiac patient: searching for environmental triggers,” International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 445–448, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. F. M. Aguiar, S. B. C. Melo, L. C. Galvão, J. C. Rosa-e-Silva, R. M. dos Reis, and R. A. Ferriani, “Serological testing for celiac disease in women with endometriosis. A pilot study,” Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 23–25, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. O. Stephansson, H. Falconer, and J. F. Ludvigsson, “Risk of endometriosis in 11 000 women with celiac disease,” Human Reproduction, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 2896–2901, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Canis, J. G. Donnez, D. S. Guzick et al., “Revised American Society for Reproductive Medicine classification of endometriosis: 1996,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 817–821, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. N. Marsh, “Gluten, major histocompatibility complex, and the small intestine: a molecular and immunobiologic approach to the spectrum of gluten sensitivity (“celiac sprue”),” Gastroenterology, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 330–354, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. G. Oberhuber, G. Granditsch, and H. Vogelsang, “The histopathology of coeliac disease: time for a standardized report scheme for pathologists,” European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 1185–1194, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. W. Dieterich, T. Ehnis, M. Bauer et al., “Identification of tissue transglutaminase as the autoantigen of celiac disease,” Nature Medicine, vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 797–801, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. K. E. A. Lundin, H. Scott, T. Hansen et al., “Gliadin-specific, HLA-DQ(α1*0501,β1*0201) restricted T cells isolated from the small intestinal mucosa of celiac disease patients,” Journal of Experimental Medicine, vol. 178, no. 1, pp. 187–196, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. K. Karell, A. S. Louka, S. J. Moodie et al., “HLA types in celiac disease patients not carrying the DQA1*05-DQB1*02 (DQ2) heterodimer: results from the European genetics cluster on celiac disease,” Human Immunology, vol. 64, no. 4, pp. 469–477, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Z. Kuloǧlu, T. Doǧanci, A. Kansu et al., “HLA types in Turkish children with celiac disease,” Turkish Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 515–520, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. Fasano and C. Catassi, “Current approaches to diagnosis and treatment of celiac disease: an evolving spectrum,” Gastroenterology, vol. 120, no. 3, pp. 636–651, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. E. Y. Jones, L. Fugger, J. L. Strominger, and C. Siebold, “MHC class II proteins and disease: a structural perspective,” Nature Reviews Immunology, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 271–282, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. Sampson, “Peritoneal endometriosis due to menstrual dissemination of endometrial tissue into the pelvic cavity,” The American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 14, pp. 422–425, 1927. View at Google Scholar
  29. M. Szczepańska, J. Koźlik, J. Skrzypczak, and M. Mikołajczyk, “Oxidative stress may be a piece in the endometriosis puzzle,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 79, no. 6, pp. 1288–1293, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. Halme, S. Becker, and R. Wing, “Accentuated cyclic activation of peritoneal macrophages in patients with endometriosis,” The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 148, no. 1, pp. 85–90, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. Y. Sakamoto, T. Harada, S. Horie et al., “Tumor necrosis factor-α-induced interleukin-8 (IL-8) expression in endometriotic stromal cells, probably through nuclear factor-κB activation: gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist treatment reduced IL-8 expression,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 88, no. 2, pp. 730–735, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. L. Santoro, F. Donofrio, S. Campo et al., “Endothelial dysfunction but not increased carotid intima-media thickness in young European women with endometriosis,” Human Reproduction, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 1320–1326, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. R. L. Barbieri, J. M. Niloff, and R. C. Bast Jr., “Elevated serum concentrations of CA-125 in patients with advanced endometriosis,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 630–634, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. S. Abrão, S. Podgaec, B. M. Filho, L. O. Ramos, J. A. Pinotti, and R. M. De Oliveira, “The use of biochemical markers in the diagnosis of pelvic endometriosis,” Human Reproduction, vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 2523–2527, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. J. L. Simpson, L. R. Malinak, and S. Elias, “HLA associations in endometriosis,” The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 148, no. 4, pp. 395–397, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. K. Ishii, K. Takakuwa, K. Kashima, M. Tamura, and K. Tanaka, “Associations between patients with endometriosis and HLA class II; the analysis of HLA-DQB1 and HLA-DPB1 genotypes,” Human Reproduction, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 985–989, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. W. B. Nothnick, “Treating endometriosis as an autoimmune disease,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 223–231, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. G. Matarese, G. De Placido, Y. Nikas, and C. Alviggi, “Pathogenesis of endometriosis: natural immunity dysfunction or autoimmune disease?” Trends in Molecular Medicine, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 223–228, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. M. H. Moen and P. Magnus, “The familial risk of endometriosis,” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, vol. 72, no. 7, pp. 560–564, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus