BioMed Research International / 2014 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Relating Education, Brain Structure, and Cognition: The Role of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors

Table 3

Bivariate associations between education, cardiovascular risk factors, regional brain volumes, and cognitive test performance.

Cognitive Tests
GMWMEducationCVD
risk factors
IRDRDBSDMTSTWCOWAT ACOWAT FTMT-ATMT-BBNT

Male
 Grey matter
  Region 10.516***0.424***−0.1080.173*0.0950.0930.267**0.175*0.188*0.151−0.183*−0.0510.085
 White matter
  Region 20.437***−0.235**0.1530.086−0.0120.0950.1120.1480.105−0.157−0.0620.067
 Education−0.185*0.1240.1010.187*0.240**0.331**0.240**0.273***−0.197*−0.1330.033
 CVRF−0.0330.005−0.082−0.095−0.047−0.051−0.0790.174*0.1290.064
 Age−0.042−0.1030.000−0.0560.1150.072−0.073−0.169*0.214*0.1630.0010.0760.199*0.030
FemaleNo correlations between regional volumes, education, and cognition were performed in women

GM: grey matter regional volumes, WM: white matter regional volumes, CVD risk factors: cardiovascular disease risk factors, IR: California Verbal Learning test for immediate recall, DR: California verbal learning test for delayed recall, DB: digit span backwards from the Wechsler Memory Scale, SDMT: Symbol-Digit Modalities Test, STW: Spot the Word Test, COWAT-A: Controlled Oral Word Association Test for A-words, COWAT-F: Controlled Oral Word Association Test for F-words, TMT-A: Trail Making Test Part A, TMT-B: Trail Making Test Part B, and BNT: Boston Naming Test.
; ; ; —: no effect to report.