Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 274572, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/274572
Research Article

Incidence, National Trend, and Outcome of Nontraumatic Subarachnoid Haemorrhage in Taiwan: Initial Lower Mortality, Poor Long-Term Outcome

1Division of Trauma, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, 100 Tzyou 1st Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
3Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
4Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, 100 Tzyou 1st Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
5Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Received 26 December 2013; Accepted 10 March 2014; Published 31 March 2014

Academic Editor: Carl Muroi

Copyright © 2014 Hsing-Lin Lin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. Risselada, L. M. de Vries, D. W. J. Dippel et al., “Incidence, treatment, and case-fatality of non-traumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage in the Netherlands,” Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, vol. 113, no. 6, pp. 483–487, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. N. K. de Rooij, F. H. H. Linn, J. A. van der Plas, A. Algra, and G. J. E. Rinkel, “Incidence of subarachnoid haemorrhage: a systematic review with emphasis on region, age, gender and time trends,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 78, no. 12, pp. 1365–1372, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. V. L. Feigin, C. M. Lawes, D. A. Bennett, S. L. Barker-Collo, and V. Parag, “Worldwide stroke incidence and early case fatality reported in 56 population-based studies: a systematic review,” The Lancet Neurology, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 355–369, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. S. Sandvei, P. R. Romundstad, T. B. Müller, L. Vatten, and A. Vik, “Risk factors for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in a prospective population study: the HUNT study in Norway,” Stroke, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 1958–1962, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. Isaksen, A. Egge, K. Waterloo, B. Romner, and T. Ingebrigtsen, “Risk factors for aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage: the Tromsø study,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 185–187, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. M. Lindekleiv, I. Njølstad, T. Ingebrigtsen, and E. B. Mathiesen, “Incidence of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in Norway, 1999–2007,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, vol. 123, no. 1, pp. 34–40, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. Koffijberg, E. Buskens, F. Granath et al., “Subarachnoid haemorrhage in Sweden 1987–2002: regional incidence and case fatality rates,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 294–299, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. Ishihara, I. Kunitsugu, S. Nomura, H. Koizumi, H. Yoneda, S. Shirao et al., “Seasonal variation in the incidence of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage associated with age and gender: 20-year results from the yamaguchi cerebral aneurysm registry,” Neuroepidemiology, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 7–12, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. V. L. Feigin, C. S. Anderson, A. Rodgers, and D. A. Bennett, “Subarachnoid haemorrhage occurrence exhibits a temporal pattern—evidence from meta-analysis,” European Journal of Neurology, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 511–516, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. Anderson, G. Hankey, K. Jamrozik, and D. Dunbabin, “Epidemiology of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in Australia and New Zealand: incidence and case fatality from the Australasian Cooperative Research on Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Study (ACROSS),” Stroke, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 1843–1850, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. W. Hop, G. J. E. Rinkel, A. Algra, and J. van Gijn, “Case-fatality rates and functional outcome after subarachnoid hemorrhage: a systematic review,” Stroke, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 660–664, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Huang, J. M. van Gelder, S. J. Haines et al., “The probability of sudden death from rupture of intracranial aneurysms: a meta-analysis,” Neurosurgery, vol. 51, no. 5, pp. 1101–1107, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. Molyneux, R. Kerr, I. Stratton et al., “International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) of neurosurgical clipping versus endovascular coiling in 2143 patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms: a randomised trial,” The Lancet, vol. 360, no. 9342, pp. 1267–1274, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. C. H. Yu, G. K. C. Wong, J. K. T. Wong, and W. S. Poon, “Endovascular coiling versus neurosurgical clipping for ruptured intracranial aneurysms: significant benefits in clinical outcome and reduced consumption of hospital resources in Hong Kong Chinese patients,” Hong Kong Medical Journal, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 271–278, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. J. Molyneux, R. S. Kerr, J. Birks et al., “Risk of recurrent subarachnoid haemorrhage, death, or dependence and standardised mortality ratios after clipping or coiling of an intracranial aneurysm in the International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT): long-term follow-up,” The Lancet Neurology, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 427–433, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. Anderson, C. N. Mhurchu, D. Scott, D. Bennett, K. Jamrozik, and G. Hankey, “Triggers of subarachnoid hemorrhage: role of physical exertion, smoking, and alcohol in the Australasian Cooperative Research on Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Study (ACROSS),” Stroke, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 1771–1776, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. V. L. Feigin, G. J. E. Rinkel, C. M. M. Lawes et al., “Risk factors for subarachnoid hemorrhage: an updated systematic review of epidemiological studies,” Stroke, vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 2773–2780, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. G. Whitmore, J. H. Stephen, C. Vernick et al., “ASA grade and Charlson Comorbidity Index of spinal surgery patients: correlation with complications and societal costs,” The Spine Journal, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 31–38, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. R. A. Deyo, D. C. Cherkin, and M. A. Ciol, “Adapting a clinical comorbidity index for use with ICD-9-CM administrative databases,” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 613–619, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Sacco, R. Totaro, D. Toni, C. Marini, D. Cerone, and A. Carolei, “Incidence, case-fatalities and 10-year survival of subarachnoid hemorrhage in a population-based registry,” European Neurology, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 155–160, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. J. Nieuwkamp, L. E. Setz, A. Algra, F. H. Linn, N. K. de Rooij, and G. J. Rinkel, “Changes in case fatality of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage over time, according to age, sex, and region: a meta-analysis,” The Lancet Neurology, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 635–642, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M.-H. Lin, L.-N. Peng, L.-K. Chen, T.-J. Chen, and S.-J. Hwang, “Cardiopulmonary resuscitation for hospital inpatients in Taiwan: an 8-year nationwide survey,” Resuscitation, vol. 83, no. 3, pp. 343–346, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. Xing, S. Nozell, Y.-F. Chen, F. Hage, and S. Oparil, “Estrogen and mechanisms of vascular protection,” Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 289–295, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. Grady, S. M. Rubin, D. B. Petitti et al., “Hormone therapy to prevent disease and prolong life in postmenopausal women,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 117, no. 12, pp. 1016–1037, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus