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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 293582, 9 pages
Review Article

The Technological Development of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

1Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, AZ 85013, USA
2Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
3St. Louis Minimally Invasive Spine Center, St. Louis, MO 63141, USA
4Michigan Head and Spine Institute, Southfield, MI 48034, USA

Received 10 February 2014; Accepted 30 April 2014; Published 21 May 2014

Academic Editor: Frankie Leung

Copyright © 2014 Laura A. Snyder et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Minimally invasive spine surgery has its roots in the mid-twentieth century with a few surgeons and a few techniques, but it has now developed into a large field of progressive spinal surgery. A wide range of techniques are now called “minimally invasive,” and case reports are submitted constantly with new “minimally invasive” approaches to spinal pathology. As minimally invasive spine surgery has become more mainstream over the past ten years, in this paper we discuss its history and development.