Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 308613, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/308613
Research Article

Immobilization of a Pleurotus ostreatus Laccase Mixture on Perlite and Its Application to Dye Decolourisation

1Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Università di Napoli Federico II, via Cynthia 4, 80126 Napoli, Italy
2Istituto di Ricerche sulla Combustione, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Piazzale V. Tecchio 80, 80125 Napoli, Italy
3Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, dei Materiali e della Produzione Industriale, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Piazzale V. Tecchio 80, 80125 Napoli, Italy

Received 13 January 2014; Revised 3 April 2014; Accepted 24 April 2014; Published 8 May 2014

Academic Editor: Neelu Nawani

Copyright © 2014 Cinzia Pezzella et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. Giardina, V. Faraco, C. Pezzella, A. Piscitelli, S. Vanhulle, and G. Sannia, “Laccases: a never-ending story,” Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 369–385, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Kunamneni, I. Ghazi, S. Camarero, A. Ballesteros, F. J. Plou, and M. Alcalde, “Decolorization of synthetic dyes by laccase immobilized on epoxy-activated carriers,” Process Biochemistry, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 169–178, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J.-A. Majeau, S. K. Brar, and R. D. Tyagi, “Laccases for removal of recalcitrant and emerging pollutants,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 101, no. 7, pp. 2331–2350, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Piscitelli, C. Pezzella, V. Lettera, P. Giardina, V. Faraco, and G. Sannia, “Fungal laccases: structure, function and application,” in Fungal Enzymes: Progress and Prospects, T. M. P. Maria de Lourdes and M. Rai, Eds., pp. 113–151, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  5. D. Wesenberg, I. Kyriakides, and S. N. Agathos, “White-rot fungi and their enzymes for the treatment of industrial dye effluents,” Biotechnology Advances, vol. 22, no. 1-2, pp. 161–187, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. Palmieri, G. Cennamo, and G. Sannia, “Remazol Brilliant Blue R decolourisation by the fungus Pleurotus ostreatus and its oxidative enzymatic system,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 17–24, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. V. Faraco, C. Pezzella, A. Miele, P. Giardina, and G. Sannia, “Bio-remediation of colored industrial wastewaters by the white-rot fungi Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Pleurotus ostreatus and their enzymes,” Biodegradation, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 209–220, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. V. Faraco, C. Pezzella, P. Giardina, A. Piscitelli, S. Vanhulle, and G. Sannia, “Decolourization of textile dyes by the white-rot fungi Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Pleurotus ostreatus,” Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, vol. 84, no. 3, pp. 414–419, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Rodríguez Couto and J. L. Toca Herrera, “Industrial and biotechnological applications of laccases: a review,” Biotechnology Advances, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 500–513, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Fernández-Fernández, M. A. Sanromán, and D. Molde, “Recent developments and applications of immobilized laccase,” Biotechnology Advances, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 1808–1825, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  11. M. Arroyo, “Inmovilización de enzimas fundamentos, métodos y aplicaciones,” Ars Pharmaceutica, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 23–29, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  12. D. Brady and J. Jordaan, “Advances in enzyme immobilisation,” Biotechnology Letters, vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 1639–1650, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. E. Russo, P. Giardina, A. Marzocchella, P. Salatino, and G. Sannia, “Assessment of anthraquinone-dye conversion by free and immobilized crude laccase mixtures,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 521–530, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Rodríguez Couto, J. F. Osma, V. Saravia, G. M. Gübitz, and J. L. Toca Herrera, “Coating of immobilised laccase for stability enhancement: a novel approach,” Applied Catalysis A: General, vol. 329, pp. 156–160, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P.-P. Champagne and J. A. Ramsay, “Reactive blue 19 decolouration by laccase immobilized on silica beads,” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 819–823, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Rekuć, B. Jastrzembska, J. Liesiene, and J. Bryjak, “Comparative studies on immobilized laccase behaviour in packed-bed and batch reactors,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic, vol. 57, no. 1–4, pp. 216–223, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. Lu, M. Zhao, and Y. Wang, “Immobilization of laccase by alginate-chitosan microcapsules and its use in dye decolorization,” World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 159–166, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. WANG, X. FAN, L. CUI, Q. WANG, and A. ZHOU, “Decolorization of reactive dyes by laccase immobilized in alginate/gelatin blent with PEG,” Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1519–1522, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Phetsom, S. Khammuang, P. Suwannawong, and R. Sarnthima, “Copper-alginate encapsulation of crude laccase from Lentinus polychrous lev. and their effectiveness in synthetic dyes decolorizations,” Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 573–583, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. O. Yamak, N. A. Kalkan, S. Aksoy, H. Altinok, and N. Hasirci, “Semi-interpenetrating polymer networks (semi-IPNs) for entrapment of laccase and their use in Acid Orange 52 decolorization,” Process Biochemistry, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 440–445, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S.-F. Torabi, K. Khajeh, S. Ghasempur, N. Ghaemi, and S.-O. R. Siadat, “Covalent attachment of cholesterol oxidase and horseradish peroxidase on perlite through silanization: activity, stability and co-immobilization,” Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 131, no. 2, pp. 111–120, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. L. Betancor, F. López-Gallego, A. Hidalgo et al., “Different mechanisms of protein immobilization on glutaraldehyde activated supports: effect of support activation and immobilization conditions,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 877–882, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. S. Fan, Gas-Liquid-Solid Fluidization Engineering, Butterworths, Boston, Mass, USA, 1989.
  24. A. K. Singh, A. W. Flounders, J. V. Volponi, C. S. Ashley, K. Wally, and J. S. Schoeniger, “Development of sensors for direct detection of organophosphates—part I: immobilization, characterization and stabilization of acetylcholinesterase and organophosphate hydrolase on silica supports,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 14, no. 8-9, pp. 703–713, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. W. Park, Y. I. Kim, K. H. Chung, S. I. Hong, and S. W. Kim, “Covalent immobilization of GL-7-ACA acylase on silica gel through silanization,” Reactive and Functional Polymers, vol. 51, no. 2-3, pp. 79–92, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. I. Migneault, C. Dartiguenave, M. J. Bertrand, and K. C. Waldron, “Glutaraldehyde: behavior in aqueous solution, reaction with proteins, and application to enzyme crosslinking,” BioTechniques, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 790–802, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. W. L. DeLano, The PyMOL Molecular Graphics System, DeLano Scientific, San Carlos, Calif, USA, 2002.
  28. P. Brandi, A. D'Annibale, C. Galli, P. Gentili, and A. S. N. Pontes, “In search for practical advantages from the immobilisation of an enzyme: the case of laccase,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic, vol. 41, no. 1-2, pp. 61–69, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. D. E. Dodor, H.-M. Hwang, and S. I. N. Ekunwe, “Oxidation of anthracene and benzo[a]pyrene by immobilized laccase from Trametes versicolor,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology, vol. 35, no. 2-3, pp. 210–217, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. X. Hu, X. Zhao, and H.-M. Hwang, “Comparative study of immobilized Trametes versicolor laccase on nanoparticles and kaolinite,” Chemosphere, vol. 66, no. 9, pp. 1618–1626, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. Y. Liu, C. Guo, F. Wang, C.-Z. Liu, and H.-Z. Liu, “Preparation of magnetic silica nanoparticles and their application in laccase immobilization,” The Chinese Journal of Process Engineering, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 583–588, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A. Salis, M. Pisano, M. Monduzzi, V. Solinas, and E. Sanjust, “Laccase from Pleurotus sajor-caju on functionalised SBA-15 mesoporous silica: immobilisation and use for the oxidation of phenolic compounds,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic, vol. 58, no. 1–4, pp. 175–180, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. V. R. Sarath Babu, M. A. Kumar, N. G. Karanth, and M. S. Thakur, “Stabilization of immobilized glucose oxidase against thermal inactivation by silanization for biosensor applications,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 1337–1341, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. N. Durán, M. A. Rosa, A. D'Annibale, and L. Gianfreda, “Applications of laccases and tyrosinases (phenoloxidases) immobilized on different supports: a review,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 907–931, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. G. Olivieri, A. Marzocchella, and P. Salatino, “Hydrodynamics and mass transfer in a lab-scale three-phase internal loop airlift,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 96, no. 1–3, pp. 45–54, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. G. Olivieri, A. Marzocchella, and P. Salatino, “A novel three-phase airlift reactor without circulation of solids,” Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 574–578, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. P. W. Tardioli, G. M. Zanin, and F. F. de Moraes, “Characterization of Thermoanaerobacter cyclomaltodextrin glucanotransferase immobilized on glyoxyl-agarose,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 1270–1278, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. D. S. Clark, “I Can immobilization be exploited to modify enzyme activity?” Trends in Biotechnology, vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 439–443, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus