Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 321048, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/321048
Research Article

A Pilot Study of Partial Unweighted Treadmill Training in Mobility-Impaired Older Adults

1Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Veteran’s Affairs Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
2Aging Center/Pepper OAIC, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, USA
3Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, USA
4Division of Speech and Audiology, Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
5Pratt School of Engineering, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA

Received 12 April 2013; Accepted 7 January 2014; Published 19 February 2014

Academic Editor: Eva Widerstrom-Noga

Copyright © 2014 Matthew J. Peterson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. Bogey and T. G. Hornby, “Gait training strategies utilized in poststroke rehabilitation: are we really making a difference?” Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 1–8, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. J. Sullivan, B. J. Knowlton, and B. H. Dobkin, “Step training with body weight support: effect of treadmill speed and practice paradigms on poststroke locomotor recovery,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 83, no. 5, pp. 683–691, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. Finch and H. Barbeau, “Hemiplegic gait: new treatment strategies,” Physiotherapy Canada, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 36–41, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. B. E. Fisher, A. D. Wu, G. J. Salem et al., “The effect of exercise training in improving motor performance and corticomotor excitability in people with early Parkinson's disease,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 89, no. 7, pp. 1221–1229, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. L. Hicks and K. A. Martin Ginis, “Treadmill training after spinal cord injury: it's not just about the walking,” Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 241–248, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. C. Lo and E. W. Triche, “Improving gait in multiple sclerosis using robot-assisted, body weight supported treadmill training,” Neurorehabilitation & Neural Repair, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 661–671, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. K. A. Mossberg, E. E. Orlander, and J. L. Norcross, “Cardiorespiratory capacity after weight-supported treadmill training in patients with traumatic brain injury,” Physical Therapy, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 77–87, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Pohl, J. Mehrholz, C. Ritschel, and S. Rückriem, “Speed-dependent treadmill training in ambulatory hemiparetic stroke patients: a randomized controlled trial,” Stroke, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 553–558, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. E. D. Vidoni, A. Tull, and P. Kluding, “Use of three gait-training strategies in an individual with multiple, chronic strokes,” Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 88–96, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. Hoyer, R. Jahnsen, J. K. Stanghelle, and L. I. Strand, “Body weight supported treadmill training versus traditional training in patients dependent on walking assistance after stroke: a randomized controlled trial,” Disability and Rehabilitation, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 210–219, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. M. Guralnik, “Understanding the relationship between disease and disability,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 1128–1129, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Studenski, S. Perera, D. Wallace et al., “Physical performance measures in the clinical setting,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 314–322, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. L. Purser, M. Weinberger, H. J. Cohen et al., “Walking speed predicts health status and hospital costs for frail elderly male veterans,” Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 535–545, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. C. Morey, “Celebrating 20 years of excellence in exercise for the older veteran,” Federal Practitioner, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 49–65, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  15. M. C. Morey, G. M. Crowley, M. S. Robbins, P. A. Cowper, and R. J. Sullivan Jr., “The Gerofit program: a VA innovation,” Southern Medical Journal, vol. 87, no. 5, pp. S83–S87, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. American College of Sports Medicine, ACSM's Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Md, USA, 8th edition, 2009.
  17. G. Borg, Borg's Perceived Exertion and Pain Scales, Human Kinetics Books, Champaign, Ill, USA, 1998.
  18. J. M. Guralnik, T. E. Seeman, M. E. Tinetti, M. C. Nevitt, and L. F. Berkman, “Validation and use of performance measures of functioning in a non-disabled older population: MacArthur studies of successful aging,” Aging, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 410–419, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. M. Guralnik, L. Ferrucci, C. F. Pieper et al., “Lower extremity function and subsequent disability: consistency across studies, predictive models, and value of gait speed alone compared with the short physical performance battery,” The Journals of Gerontology A, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. M221–M231, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. E. Rikli and C. J. Jones, “Development and validation of a functional fitness test for community-residing older adults,” Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 129–161, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. E. Rikli and C. J. Jones, “Functional fitness normative scores for community-residing older adults, ages 60–94,” Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 162–181, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. E. Tinetti, “Performance-orientated assessment of mobility problems in elderly patients,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 119–126, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. E. Ware Jr. and C. D. Sherbourne, “The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36). I. conceptual framework and item selection,” Medical Care, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 473–483, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. G. G. Fillenbaum, “OARS multidimensional functional assessment questionnaire,” in The Encyclopedia of Aging, G. Maddox, Ed., Springer, New York, NY, USA, 1st edition, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  25. M. Cesari, S. B. Kritchevsky, B. W. H. J. Penninx et al., “Prognostic value of usual gait speed in well-functioning older people—results from the health, aging and body composition study,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 53, no. 10, pp. 1675–1680, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. E. Hardy, S. Perera, Y. F. Roumani, J. M. Chandler, and S. A. Studenski, “Improvement in usual gait speed predicts better survival in older adults,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 55, no. 11, pp. 1727–1734, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. W. Bohannon, “Comfortable and maximum walking speed of adults aged 20–79 years: reference values and determinants,” Age and Ageing, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 15–19, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. L. Fitzpatrick, C. K. Buchanan, R. L. Nahin et al., “Associations of gait speed and other measures of physical function with cognition in a healthy cohort of elderly persons,” The Journals of Gerontology A, vol. 62, no. 11, pp. 1244–1251, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus