BioMed Research International / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Knowledge about Health Effects of Cigarette Smoking and Quitting among Italian University Students: The Importance of Teaching Nicotine Dependence and Treatment in the Medical Curriculum

Table 1

Smoking habits, medical advice to quit, and intention to quit among 1191 university students.

School
MedicalArchitectureLaw

Year of observation20102011201120112012201220122012
Group123A3B4A4B56
Year of school4455 (Retest)66 (Retest)44
439 203 113 104 207 126 122 107
Smoking habits°
 Never smokers**330 (75.2)145 (71.4)75 (68.2)80 (76.9)133 (64.3)101 (80.2)73 (59.8)62 (57.9)
 Current smokers**67 (15.3)38 (18.7)21 (18.6)14 (13.5)49 (23.7)13 (10.3)32 (26.2)28 (26.2)
 Former smokers*42 (9.6)18 (8.9)14 (12.7)10 (9.6)25 (12.1)12 (9.5)17 (13.9)15 (14.0)
 Mean age at onset of smoking among never smokers: years
 (range) (12–24)(12–25)(9–25)(13–24)(12–24)(11–24)(13–22)(13–22)
 Mean age of smoking cessation among former smokers: years
 (range) (15–24)(15–31)(14–30)(15–25)(14–30)(15–24)(17–29)(18–27)
Characteristics of current smokers
 Fagerström score
 (range)(0–6)(0–5)(0–8)(0–5)(0–7)(0–2)(0–7)(0–6)
 Tried to quit and relapsed in the past30 (44.8)20 (54.1)9 (42.9)6 (42.8)18 (36.7)4 (30.8)12 (37.5)11 (39.2)
 Tried to stop smoking during university29 (43.3)20 (54.1)11 (52.4)7 (50.0)16 (32.7)4 (30.8)16 (50.0)11 (39.3)
 Tried in the last year to stop smoking and succeeded for 1 day or longer36 (53.7)25 (67.6)15 (71.4)10 (71.4)27 (55.1)9 (69.2)20 (62.5)16 (57.1)
Medical advice to quit (answered yes)
 “In the last year, did a doctor advise you to stop smoking?” 11 (16.4)12 (32.4)4 (19.0)3 (21.4)11 (22.4)4 (30.8)6 (18.8)5 (17.9)
Intention to quit (answered yes)
 “Would you like to give up smoking altogether?”40 (59.7)24 (64.8)11 (52.3)9 (64.3)25 (51.0)5 (38.5)18 (56.3)21 (75.0)
 Which of the following statements best describes your current intentions with regard to smoking?
  “I want to quit, but I’m not ready to try now.” 26 (38.8)11 (29.7)5 (23.8)5 (35.7)17 (34.7)4 (30.8)5 (15.6)10 (35.7)
  “I will continue to smoke for now.”13 (19.4)8 (21.6)9 (42.8)3 (21.4)20 (40.8)6 (46.2)14 (43.4)12 (42.9)

Data are expressed as (%) or M (±SD); and Pearson’s chi-squared test.
°Seven missing answers: two in Group 2, three in Group 3A, and two in Group 6.