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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 329328, 7 pages
Research Article

The Effect of Prior Upper Body Exercise on Subsequent Wingate Performance

1Institute of Clinical Exercise and Health Science, Exercise Science Research Laboratory, School of Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of the West of Scotland, Hamilton ML3 OJB, UK
2Division of Sport and Exercise Sciences, School of Social & Health Sciences, Abertay University, Bell Street, Dundee DD1 1HG, UK
3School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW 2795, Australia

Received 21 February 2014; Revised 11 April 2014; Accepted 14 April 2014; Published 7 May 2014

Academic Editor: Michael Greenwood

Copyright © 2014 Marie Clare Grant et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


It has been reported previously that the upper body musculature is continually active during high intensity cycle ergometry. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of prior upper body exercise on subsequent Wingate (WAnT) performance. Eleven recreationally active males (20.8 ± 2.2 yrs; 77.7 ± 12.0 kg; 1.79 ± 0.04 m) completed two trials in a randomised order. In one trial participants completed  s WAnT tests (WAnT1 and WAnT2) with a 6 min recovery period; in the other trial, this protocol was preceded with 4 sets of biceps curls to induce localised arm fatigue. Prior upper body exercise was found to have a statistically significant detrimental effect on peak power output (PPO) during WAnT1 but no effect was observed for mean power output (MPO) . Handgrip (HG) strength was also found to be significantly lower following the upper body exercise. These results demonstrate that the upper body is meaningfully involved in the generation of leg power during intense cycling.