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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 370273, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/370273
Research Article

Level and Determinants of Knowledge of Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis among Railway Workers in Malaysia

1International Medical School, Management and Science University (MSU), Shah Alam 40100 Selangor, Malaysia
2International Medical University (IMU), 57000 Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3Department of Pathology, International Medical University (IMU), 57000 Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
4Community Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Cheras, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
5Department Oral Biology and Biomedical Science, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya (UM), 50603 Petaling Jaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
6Department of Community Medicine, International Medical University (IMU), 57000 Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Received 15 August 2013; Revised 14 December 2013; Accepted 7 January 2014; Published 19 February 2014

Academic Editor: Shigeru Kotake

Copyright © 2014 Kurubaran Ganasegeran et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Symptomatic knee osteoarthritis, an ancient malady greatly impairing modern population quality of life, has stimulated global attention to find effective modes of prevention and intervention. Purpose. This study aimed to assess factors affecting knowledge of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (knee OA) among Malaysian railway workers. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 513 railway workers involving eight major states within Peninsular Malaysia using population-based sampling. The assessment instrument was a face-validated, prepiloted, self-administered instrument with sociodemographics and knowledge items on knee OA. Results. Mean (±SD) age of the respondents was 41.4 (±10.7), with the majority aged 50 years or older (34.9%). Of the total respondents, 53.6% had low levels of knowledge of knee OA disease. Multivariate analysis found that four demographic predictors, age ≥50 years, family history of knee OA, self-awareness, and clinical diagnosis of the disease entity, were significantly associated with knowledge scores. Conclusion. The finding of a low level knee OA knowledge among Malaysian railway workers points to an urgent need for massive information to be disseminated among the workers at risk to foster primary prevention and self-care.