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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 451520, 8 pages
Research Article

Long-Term Anabolic Androgenic Steroid Use Is Associated with Increased Atrial Electromechanical Delay in Male Bodybuilders

1Cardiology Department, Kartal Kosuyolu Heart Research and Training Hospital, Denizer Street, Kartal, 34846 Istanbul, Turkey
2Cardiology Department, Fatih University, Yalı Street, Maltepe, 34844 Istanbul, Turkey
3Cardiology Department, Kartal Yavuz Selim State Hospital, Yukarı Street, Kartal, 34860 Istanbul, Turkey

Received 26 February 2014; Accepted 14 April 2014; Published 4 May 2014

Academic Editor: Ken-ichi Aihara

Copyright © 2014 Mustafa Akçakoyun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We investigated the effect of long-term supraphysiologic doses of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) on atrial electromechanical delay (AEMD) in male bodybuilders. We clearly demonstrated that long-term consumption of supraphysiologic doses of AAS is associated with higher values of inter- and intra-AEMD in healthy young bodybuilders.