Table 1: Blood levels during a normal diet, ketogenic diet (i.e., <20 grams of carbohydrates per day), and diabetic ketoacidosis [10].

Blood levelsNormal dietKetogenic dietDiabetic ketoacidosis

Glucose (mg/dL)80–12065–80>300
Insulin (μU/L)6–236.6–9.4 0
KBs conc. (mmol/L)0.17/8>25
pH7.47.4<7.3