Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 498420, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/498420
Review Article

Physicochemical Properties of Nanomaterials: Implication in Associated Toxic Manifestations

1Department of Biochemistry, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh 202002, India
2Department of Chemistry, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh 202002, India
3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh 202002, India
4Women’s College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh 202002, India

Received 14 May 2014; Accepted 16 June 2014; Published 6 August 2014

Academic Editor: Mohammad Owais

Copyright © 2014 Manzoor Ahmad Gatoo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Nanotechnology has emerged as one of the leading fields of the science having tremendous application in diverse disciplines. As nanomaterials are increasingly becoming part of everyday consumer products, it is imperative to assess their impact on living organisms and on the environment. Physicochemical characteristics of nanoparticles and engineered nanomaterials including size, shape, chemical composition, physiochemical stability, crystal structure, surface area, surface energy, and surface roughness generally influence the toxic manifestations of these nanomaterials. This compels the research fraternity to evaluate the role of these properties in determining associated toxicity issues. Reckoning with this fact, in this paper, issues pertaining to the physicochemical properties of nanomaterials as it relates to the toxicity of the nanomaterials are discussed.