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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 507234, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/507234
Review Article

Stem Cells as New Agents for the Treatment of Infertility: Current and Future Perspectives and Challenges

1Centre for Molecular Medicine and Stem Cell Research, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, 69 Svetozara Markovica Street, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia
2Institute of Genetic Medicine, International Centre for Life, Newcastle University, Central Parkway, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 3BZ, UK
3Spebo Medical, 16 Norvezanska Street, 16000 Leskovac, Serbia

Received 4 February 2014; Revised 12 March 2014; Accepted 17 March 2014; Published 14 April 2014

Academic Editor: Irma Virant-Klun

Copyright © 2014 Vladislav Volarevic et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that are present in the embryonic, fetal, and adult stages of life and give rise to differentiated cells that make up the building blocks of tissue and organs. Due to their unlimited source and high differentiation potential, stem cells are considered as potentially new therapeutic agents for the treatment of infertility. Stem cells could be stimulated in vitro to develop various numbers of specialized cells including male and female gametes suggesting their potential use in reproductive medicine. During past few years a considerable progress in the derivation of male germ cells from pluripotent stem cells has been made. In addition, stem cell-based strategies for ovarian regeneration and oocyte production have been proposed as future clinical therapies for treating infertility in women. In this review, we summarized current knowledge and present future perspectives and challenges regarding the use of stem cells in reproductive medicine.