Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 516734, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/516734
Research Article

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Smoking Behaviours among Physicians Specializing in Public Health: A Multicentre Study

1Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
2Department of Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples, Via Luciano Armanni 5, 80138 Naples, Italy
3Department of Environmental and Public Health, University of Padova, Via Giustiniani 2, 35128 Padova, Italy
4Department of Science of Public Health, University of Modena e Reggio Emilia, Via Campi 287, 41100 Modena, Italy
5Department of Medicine and Public Health, University of Bologna, Via S. Giacomo 12, 40126 Bologna, Italy
6Department of Medicine and Public Health, Virology, University of Milano, Via Pascal 38, 20133 Milan, Italy
7Department of Clinical Medicine and Prevention, University of Milano Bicocca, Via Cadore, 48, 20052 Monza, Italy
8Department of Biomedicine Science, Section of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Ancona, Via Tronto 10/a, 60020 Ancona, University of Ancona, Italy
9Department of Public Health, University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Via Orazio Raimondo 18, 00173 Rome, Rome, Italy
10Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Ferrara, Via Fossato di Mortara 64b, 44121 Ferrara, Italy
11Department of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health (R. De Blasi), University of Messina, Italy
12Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Varese, Insubria, Via Ravasi 2, 21100 Varese, Italy
13Department of Public Health, University of Perugia, Via Roma 84, 06019 Perugia, Italy
14Department of Physiopathology, Experimental Medicine and Public Health, University of Siena, Via Aldo Moro 2, 53100 Siena, Italy
15Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine (Gaetano Salvatore), University of Catanzaro, Via T. Campanella 115, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
16Department of Preventive Medicine-Section of Hygiene, University of Pavia, Via Forlanini 2, 27100 Pavia, Italy
17Section of Hygiene, Department of Biomedical Science and Human Oncology, University of Bari, Piazza Giulio Cesare 11, 70124 Bari, Italy
18Institute of Hygiene, University “Cattolica del Sacro Cuore” of Rome, Via Ippolito Nievo 36, 00153 Rome, Italy
19Section of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Via dell’Artigliere 8, 31129 Verona, University of Verona, Italy
20Department of Medicine and Aging Science, University “G. Annunzio” Chieti, Via dei Vestini 33, 66100 Chieti, Italy
21Department “G. F. Ingrassia” Hygiene and Public Health, University of Catania, Via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy
22Department of Public Health and Microbiology, University of Turin, Via Santena 5 bis, 10126 Torino, Italy
23Section of Hygiene, Department of Science Preventive Medicine, University of Napoli Federico II, Via Tommaso Campanella 115, 88100 Napoli, Italy
24Department of Health Promotion Science (G. D’Alessandro), University of Palermo, Via Del Vespro 133, 90127 Palermo, Italy

Received 8 February 2014; Revised 1 May 2014; Accepted 8 May 2014; Published 3 June 2014

Academic Editor: Maria Caterina Grassi

Copyright © 2014 Giuseppe La Torre et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Ministero della Salute and Dipartimento della Sanità Pubblica e dell’Innovazione, “Attività per la prevenzione del tabagismo—Rapporto anno 2011,” 2011, http://www.salute.gov.it/imgs/C_17_pubblicazioni_1667_allegato.pdf.
  2. M. C. Fiore, C. R. Jaen, and T. B. Baker, Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update. Clinical Practice Guideline, US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Rockville, Md, USA, 2008.
  3. Osservatorio Fumo and Alcol e Droga (OssFAD), “Rapporto sul fumo in Italia 2011,” Istituto superiore di Sanità, Roma, Italy, 2011, http://www.iss.it/binary/fumo/cont/Rapporto_annuale_sul_fumo_anno_2011.pdf.
  4. M. R. Gualano, R. Siliquini, L. Manzoli et al., “Tobacco use prevalence, knowledge and attitudes, and tobacco cessation training among medical students: results of a pilot study of Global Health Professions Students Survey (GHPSS) in Italy,” Journal of Public Health, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 89–94, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. G. la Torre, W. Kirch, M. Bes-Rastrollo et al., “Tobacco use among medical students in Europe: results of a multicentre study using the Global Health Professions Student Survey,” Public Health, vol. 126, no. 2, pp. 159–164, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. T. Lancaster, L. Stead, C. Silagy, and A. Sowden, “Effectiveness of interventions to help people stop smoking, findings from the Cochrane Library,” British Medical Journal, vol. 321, no. 7257, pp. 355–358, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  7. M. Davoli and S. Minozzi, “Sintesi delle revisioni sistematiche sulla efficacia degli interventi di cessazione del fumo (Overview of systematic reviews on efficacy of smoking cessation intervention),” Epidemiologia & Prevenzione, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 282–287, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  8. US Department of Health and Human Services, “A clinical practice guideline for treating tobacco use and dependence: the tobacco use and dependence clinical practice guideline panel,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 283, no. 24, pp. 3244–3254, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  9. B. Braun, J. B. Fowles, L. I. Solberg, E. A. Kind, H. Lando, and D. Pine, “Smoking-related attitudes and clinical practices of medical personnel in Minnesota,” American Journal of Prevention Medicine, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 316–322, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. B. Unim, G. del Prete, M. R. Gualano et al., “Are age and gender associated to tobacco use and knowledge among general practitioners? Results of a survey in Italy,” Ann Ist Super Sanità, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 266–271, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  11. P. Slater, G. McElwee, P. Fleming, and H. McKenna, “Nurses' smoking behaviour related to cessation practice,” Nursing Times, vol. 102, no. 19, pp. 32–37, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Gallus, R. Muttarak, M. Franchi et al., “Why do smokers quit?” European Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 96–101, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. A. K. Ferketich, S. Gallus, P. Colombo et al., “Physician-delivered advice to quit smoking among Italian smokers,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 60–63, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. W. Warren, N. R. Jones, J. Chauvin, and A. Peruga, “Tobacco use and cessation counselling: cross-country. Data from the Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS), 2005–7,” Tobacco Control, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 238–247, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. W. Hosmer and S. Lemeshow, Applied Logistic Regression, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1989.
  16. J. M. Davis and A. Koerber, “Assessment of tobacco dependence curricula in U.S. dental hygiene programs,” Journal of Dental Education, vol. 74, no. 10, pp. 1066–1073, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. C. Geller, D. R. Brooks, C. A. Powers et al., “Tobacco cessation and prevention practices reported by second and fourth year students at US medical schools,” Journal of General Internal Medicine, vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 1071–1076, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. C. Grassi, F. Culasso, A. K. Ferketich, T. Raupach, C. Patrono, and P. Nencini, “Cigarette smoking knowledge and perceptions among students in four Italian medical schools,” Nicotine & Tobacco Research, vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 1065–1072, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. M. C. Grassi, M. Baraldo, C. Chiamulera et al., “Knowledge about health effects of cigarette smoking and quitting among Italian university students: the importance of teaching nicotine dependence and treatment in the medical curriculum,” BioMed Research International, vol. 2014, Article ID 321657, 9 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. Center for Disease Control and Prevention, “Tobacco use screening and counseling during physician office visits among adults -National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Health Interview Survey, United States 2005–2009,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 61, pp. 38–45, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  21. A. K. Ferketich, Y. Khan, and M. E. Wewers, “Are physicians asking about tobacco use and assisting with cessation? Results from the 2001–2004 national ambulatory medical care survey (NAMCS),” Preventive Medicine, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 472–476, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. R. Saulle, C. Bontempi, V. Baldo et al., “GHPSS multicenter Italian survey: smoking prevalence, knowledge and attitudes, and tobacco cessation training among third-year medical students,” Tumori, vol. 99, no. 1, pp. 17–22, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. “Tobacco control needs help,” The Lancet, vol. 357, no. 9267, p. 1459, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. C. W. Warren, D. N. Sinha, J. Lee, V. Lea, and N. R. Jones, “Tobacco use, exposure to secondhand smoke, and training on cessation counseling among nursing students: cross-country data from the Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS), 2005–2009,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 6, no. 10, pp. 2534–2549, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. R. Gualano, C. Bontempi, R. Saulle, W. Ricciardi, and G. la Torre, “Validation of the global health professions students survey questionnaire in Italy,” Italian Journal of Public Health, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 392–398, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. The GTSS Collaborative Group, “Tobacco use and cessation counselling: Global Health Professionals Survey Pilot Study, 10 countries, 2005,” Tobacco Control, vol. 15, supplement 2, pp. ii31–ii34, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. V. Maciosek, A. B. Coffield, N. M. Edwards, T. J. Flottemesch, M. J. Goodman, and L. I. Solberg, “Priorities among effective clinical preventive services: results of a systematic review and analysis,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 52–61, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus