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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 516859, 4 pages
Research Article

Seropositivity and Coinfection of Hepatitis B and C among Patients Seeking Hospital Care in Islamabad, Pakistan

1Department of Microbiology, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat 26000, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
2Department of Zoology, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat 26000, Pakistan
3Department of Chemistry, Government College Ara Khel, FR Kohat 26000, Pakistan
4Riyadh Community College, King Saud University, Riyadh 11437, Saudi Arabia
5Department of Chemistry, Sarhad University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar 25000, Pakistan

Received 22 February 2014; Revised 19 May 2014; Accepted 28 May 2014; Published 24 June 2014

Academic Editor: Giulia Morsica

Copyright © 2014 Jafar Khan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The undertaken study was conducted to find out the seroprevalence and coinfection of HBV and HCV infection among patients seeking hospital care. A total of 845 samples were received at tertiary care hospital of Islamabad and were screened for hepatitis B and C. The ELISA was used to detect antigen for HBV and antibodies for HCV in patient serum. Among 845 collected samples, 255 (30.1%) were seropositive for HBV and HCV. Out of 255 seropositive samples, 45 (5.3%) were positive for HBsAg while 199 (23.5%) were positive for anti-HCV. Among 255, 11 (1.3%) were seropositive for both HBsAg and anti-HCV (coinfection). Among the seropositive male, HBV was more prevalent (23.8%) while female patients had a high incidence of HCV (52.2%). Among the age group variable, HBV, HCV, and coinfection were found to be more common in the age groups of 21–30 (29%) and 30–40 (24%) years. The seropositivity for HBsAg was higher in unmarried individuals (31.2%) while anti-HCV was more prevalent in married individuals (84%). The present study provides the preliminary information about high HCV and HBV prevalence. Findings from the current study will be helpful for the better management and control of viral hepatitis among patients seeking hospital care.