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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 537614, 10 pages
Research Article

Factors Associated with Falls in Community-Dwelling Older People with Focus on Participation in Sport Organizations: The Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study Project

1Center for Well-Being and Society, Nihon Fukushi University, 5-22-35 Chiyoda, Naka-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 450-0003, Japan
2Department of Physical Therapy, Tokai College of Medical Science, 2-7-2 Meiekiminami, Nakamura-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 450-0003, Japan
3Department of Policy Studies, Aichi Gakuin University, 12 Araike, Iwasaki-cho, Nisshin, Aichi 470-0131, Japan
4Department of Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 53 Iwasaki-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture 606-8507, Japan
5Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Kio University, 4-2-2 Umaminaka, Koryo-cho, Kitakatsuragigun, Nara 635-0832, Japan

Received 6 March 2014; Accepted 27 April 2014; Published 13 May 2014

Academic Editor: Ulrich Laaser

Copyright © 2014 Takahiro Hayashi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective. Promoting participation in sport organizations may be a population strategy for preventing falls in older people. In this study, we examined whether participation in sport organizations is associated with fewer falls in older people even after adjusting for multiple individual and environmental factors. Methods. We used the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study data of 90,610 people (31 municipalities) who were not eligible for public long-term care. Logistic regression analysis was performed, with multiple falls over the past year as the dependent variable and participation in a sport organization as the independent variable, controlling for 13 factors. These included individual factors related to falls, such as age and sex, and environmental factors such as population density of the habitable area. Results. A total of 6,391 subjects (7.1%) had a history of multiple falls. Despite controlling for 13 variables, those who participated in a sport organization at least once a week were approximately ≥20% less likely to fall than those who did not participate at all (once a week; odds ratio = 0.82 and 95% confidence interval = 0.72–0.95). Conclusion. Participation in a sport organization at least once per week might help prevent falls in the community-dwelling older people.