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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 538053, 10 pages
Research Article

Gender Specific Association of RAS Gene Polymorphism with Essential Hypertension: A Case-Control Study

1Department of Bioinformatics, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu 630 004, India
2Genomics and Molecular Medicine Unit, CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, Mall Road, New Delhi 110007, India

Received 23 February 2014; Accepted 24 March 2014; Published 17 April 2014

Academic Editor: James Stockand

Copyright © 2014 Kh. Dhanachandra Singh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) polymorphisms have been studied as candidate risk factors for hypertension with inconsistent results, possibly due to heterogeneity among various genetic and environmental factors. A case-control association study was conducted to investigate a possible involvement of polymorphisms of three RAS genes: AGT M235T (rs699), ACE I/D (rs4340) and G2350A (rs4343), and AGTR1 A1166C (rs5186) in essential hypertensive patients. A total of 211 cases and 211 controls were recruited for this study. Genotyping was performed using PCR-RFLP method. The genotype and allele distribution of the M235T variant differed significantly in hypertensives and normotensives (OR-CI = 2.62 (1.24–5.76), ; OR-CI = 0.699 (0.518–0.943), ), respectively. When the samples were segregated based on sex, the 235TT genotype and T allele were predominant in the female patients (OR-CI = 5.68 (1.60-25.10), ; OR-CI = 0.522 (0.330–0.826), ) as compare to the male patients (OR-CI = 1.54 (1.24–5.76), ; OR-CI = 0.874 (0.330–0.826), ), respectively. For ACE DD variant, we found overrepresentation of “I”-allele (homozygous II and heterozygous ID) in unaffected males which suggest its protective role in studied population (OR-CI = 0.401 (0.224–0.718); ). The M235T variant of the AGT is significantly associated with female hypertensives and ACE DD variant could be a risk allele for essential hypertension in south India.