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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 582414, 7 pages
Research Article

Correlation between TMD and Cervical Spine Pain and Mobility: Is the Whole Body Balance TMJ Related?

1Department of Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction and Orthodontics, Medical University of Silesia, Pl. Traugutta 2, 41-800 Zabrze, Poland
2Institute of Theoretical and Applied Informatics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 5 Batycka Street, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland

Received 15 March 2014; Accepted 23 May 2014; Published 19 June 2014

Academic Editor: Mieszko Wieckiewicz

Copyright © 2014 Karolina Walczyńska-Dragon et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) is considered to be associated with imbalance of the whole body. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of TMD therapy on cervical spine range of movement (ROM) and reduction of spinal pain. The study group consisted of 60 patients with TMD, cervical spine pain, and limited cervical spine range of movements. Subjects were interviewed by a questionnaire about symptoms of TMD and neck pain and had also masticatory motor system physically examined (according to RDC-TMD) and analysed by JMA ultrasound device. The cervical spine motion was analysed using an MCS device. Subjects were randomly admitted to two groups, treated and control. Patients from the treated group were treated with an occlusal splint. Patients from control group were ordered to self-control parafunctional habits. Subsequent examinations were planned in both groups 3 weeks and 3 months after treatment was introduced. The results of tests performed 3 months after the beginning of occlusal splint therapy showed a significant improvement in TMJ function , cervical spine ROM, and a reduction of spinal pain. The conclusion is that there is a significant association between TMD treatment and reduction of cervical spine pain, as far as improvement of cervical spine mobility.