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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 583416, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/583416
Research Article

Occlusal Disorders among Patients with Total Clefts of Lip, Alveolar Bone, and Palate

1Department of Maxillofacial Orthopedics and Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Wroclaw Medical University, 50425 Wroclaw, Poland
2Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Wroclaw Medical University, 26 Krakowska Street, 50425 Wroclaw, Poland

Received 21 April 2014; Accepted 14 May 2014; Published 27 May 2014

Academic Editor: Mieszko Wieckiewicz

Copyright © 2014 Anna Paradowska-Stolarz and Beata Kawala. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Clefts are common birth defects. They are accompanied by various malformations, including disturbances in facial look as well as skeletal disorders that include malocclusions, most frequently crossbites and class III anomalies. The aim of the study was to present the commonest malocclusions in patients with total cleft of the lip, alveolar bone and palate ( ) and compare the results to the healthy on-cleft patients ( ). Normal occlusion, characteristic for I angle class, was observed in 50% of the control group and 30% of the examined. In the examined patients with clefts, most frequently crossbite and open bite on the cleft side was observed. In patients with clefts, only 2 out of 154 patients presented isolated dental anomalies. In healthy individuals the commonest occlusal disorder was distal occlusion and dental anomalies. The commonest malocclusions among patients with clefts are crossbites and class III malocclusions.